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## Distribution automation: The path to the self-healing grid

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The layperson and others have made smart grid almost synonymous with Smart Meter. People have forgotten the need for actual control and about healing. Distribution automation (DA) holds the rightful position as the foundation of smart grid. This article starts by explaining transmission and DA. It then moves to a detailed definition of DA and its components. Understanding these components is important to appreciate what it takes to implement them. The components of DA drive the clear understanding of how DA is implemented in all of its forms and also which components of the smart grid are a part of this portfolio of capabilities. The dos and don'ts of DA section focuses on key considerations that need to be kept in mind as utilities worldwide focus on their own mechanisms for implementing DA in their grid. The last section before conclusion focuses on ongoing challenges and the future of DA.

DA will form the underlying driver for smart grid for the next 10+ years. As the control of the grid becomes more complex, it is DA that provides the eyes, arms and legs to the utility and other operators to continue their path to a reliable and resilient grid.

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