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access icon openaccess A novel joint depth sensor calibration method without fixture for mobile robots’ navigation

Abstract

Commercial mobile robots are usually equipped with multiple depth sensors that can measure the point cloud information around the robot's environment. The installation process of these sensors contains assembly error and sensor measurement error, so it is necessary to calibrate each sensor to align the point cloud. In order to obtain the sensor calibration results of commercial robots under normal working conditions, this study proposes a fixture free multi depth sensor joint calibration method that can be deployed on low‐cost embedded computing units, which efficiently aligns the point clouds of each sensor. During the calibration process, the robot is placed in the center of three upright thin plates perpendicular to the ground. 2D LIDAR depicts high‐precision contours of the upright thin plates. In the calibration process of each depth sensor, the roll angle and pitch angle of the sensor point cloud are first calibrated to make it perpendicular to the ground, and then the yaw angle and position of the point cloud are calibrated to fit the high‐precision contour of the upright thin plate. The results show that this method can be deployed on low‐cost embedded computing units, with real‐time and accurate calibration results. The convergence of calibration results can be achieved through up to 5 iterations, and the average running time is less than 120 ms. This research achievement provides a reference for multi‐sensor calibration of commercial robots.

This article proposes a novel joint depth sensor calibration method without fixture for commercial robots, that can be deployed on low‐cost embedded computing units. The robot is placed in the center of three upright thin plates perpendicular to the ground. A 2D LiDAR depicts high‐precision contours of the upright thin plates. For each depth sensor, the roll angle and pitch angle of the sensor point cloud are first calibrated to make it perpendicular to the ground, and then the yaw angle and position of the point cloud are calibrated to fit the high‐precision contour of the upright thin plate.image

http://iet.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1049/tje2.12384
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content/journals/10.1049/tje2.12384
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