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access icon openaccess SOC estimation and fault identification strategy of energy storage battery PACK: Based on adaptive sliding mode observer


Accurate state of charge (SOC) estimation and fault identification and localization are crucial in the field of battery system management. This article proposes an innovative method based on sliding mode observation theory for SOC estimation and short‐circuit fault location. The core of this new method is the design of an adaptive sliding mode observer, which reduces jitter by introducing adaptive switching gain, establishes an internal loop of gain and error, and improves the performance of SOC estimation. In addition, recursive least squares method was used to identify the key parameters of the model. Secondly, based on obtaining the SOC of each battery cell in series with the energy storage PACK, the specificity of the faulty battery cell in SOC change trend is utilized to identify and locate the short‐circuit fault of the energy storage PACK. The simulation and test results show that the designed adaptive sliding mode observer can significantly improve the estimation accuracy of SOC and has better stability. Compared to the commonly used Kalman estimation and BP neural network estimation methods, the designed method has improved accuracy by 5.53% and 3.42%, respectively. In addition, based on the accurate identification of SOC, the short‐circuit fault diagnosis results of the battery PACK have a high accuracy, confirming the feasibility and effectiveness of the designed strategy that includes SOC estimation and short‐circuit fault identification and positioning, and has broad application prospects.

The study analyzed the state of charge (SOC) estimate approach and short‐circuit fault diagnostics utilizing an enhanced sliding mode observer. Traditional approaches' inherent instability is reduced by the adjusted switching gain, resulting in more exact and fast convergence SOC estimate. Additionally, the approach efficiently detects short‐circuit flaws in energy storage PACKs, enabling rapid detection and improved system safety.image

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