Your browser does not support JavaScript!

Integrated SICM-AFM-optical microscope to measure forces due to hydrostatic pressure applied to a pipette

Integrated SICM-AFM-optical microscope to measure forces due to hydrostatic pressure applied to a pipette

For access to this article, please select a purchase option:

Buy article PDF
(plus tax if applicable)
Buy Knowledge Pack
10 articles for $120.00
(plus taxes if applicable)

IET members benefit from discounts to all IET publications and free access to E&T Magazine. If you are an IET member, log in to your account and the discounts will automatically be applied.

Learn more about IET membership 

Recommend Title Publication to library

You must fill out fields marked with: *

Librarian details
Your details
Why are you recommending this title?
Select reason:
Micro & Nano Letters — Recommend this title to your library

Thank you

Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

Scanning ion conductance microscopy (SICM) is a scanning probe microscopy particularly suitable for the investigation of living biological specimens due to its low invasivity. Recently, this technique has been used not only to perform 3D-imaging, but also to stimulate and guide neuronal growth cones. In particular, it has been demonstrated that one can guide the cone growth for tens of micrometres by means of recurrent and non-contact SICM scanning along a defined line, with a pipette having an internal hydrostatic pressure. Accurate measurements of the mechanical forces acting on the cell membrane in these stimulation protocols are essential to explain the biological mechanisms involved. Herein a setup specifically developed for this purpose, combining together SICM, atomic force microscopy (AFM) and inverted optical microscopy is described. In this configuration, a SICM pipette can be approached to an AFM cantilever while monitoring the cantilever deflection as a function of the hydrostatic pressure applied to the pipette and the relative distance. In this way, one can directly measure mechanical forces down to 20 pN. The same apparatus is thus sufficient to calibrate a given pipette and immediately use it to study the hydrostatic pressure effects on living cells.


    1. 1)
    2. 2)
    3. 3)
    4. 4)
    5. 5)
    6. 6)
    7. 7)
    8. 8)
    9. 9)
    10. 10)
    11. 11)
    12. 12)
    13. 13)

Related content

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address