Your browser does not support JavaScript!

access icon openaccess Method to evaluate comprehensive economic benefit of hybrid wind power–pumped hydro storage considering the carbon emission trade

The development of wind power (WP) is the important aspect of promoting energy transition of our country; however, because of the intermittent fluctuation of WP, the phenomenon of abandoning WP is very severe. The construction of pumped storage power station is one of the most important measures to solve the problem of WP taken by the State Grid. The overall efficiency evaluation of the combination of WP and pumped storage power station is necessary to solve the problem. By the end of 2016, the NEA issued the ‘13th five-year work plan for controlling greenhouse gas emissions requirements,’ which starts carbon emission trading in 2016 to reduce carbon emissions. The reduction of carbon emission is not only conducive to environmental protection but also beneficial to increasing economic benefits. This study analyses eight aspects of economic efficiency and low carbon benefits of the impact on the combined system, including the WP and pumped hydro storage system (PHS) construction, operation and maintenance, system back-up cost, WP acceptance cost, generation benefit, spare admission generation benefit, peak-load following benefit and network loss improvement benefit, and then optimise the operation mode of WP–PHS with the maximum comprehensive economic benefit as the goal. Taken low carbon trading regulations as the basis, the study comes up with the establishment of a comprehensive economic benefit model in the carbon emission trading mechanism with comprehensive economic benefits of the combined system. The overall test system is quantified through calculation, which proves the validity of the evaluation method.


    1. 1)
    2. 2)
    3. 3)
      • 11. Chengfei, Z., Yue, Y., Xinsong, Z., et al: ‘Day-ahead dispatching scheduling for power grid integrated with wind farm considering influence of carbon emission quota’, Power Syst. Technol., 2014, (08), pp. 21142120.
    4. 4)
      • 17. Qiang, L., Yue, Y., Zhenjie, L.: ‘Research on energy shifting benefits of hybrid wind power and pumped hydro storage system considering peak-valley electricity price’, Power Syst. Technol., 2009, 33, (6), pp. 1318.
    5. 5)
      • 4. Jia, Y., Jianwen, R., Ming, Z.: ‘A chance-constrained programming based dynamic economic dispatch of wind farm and pumped-storage power station’, Power Syst. Technol., 2013, (8), pp. 21162122.
    6. 6)
      • 9. Zhaofeng, M.: ‘Comprehensive low-carbon benefit analysis for PV and wind power generation based on LCA’ (Tianjin University, 2014).
    7. 7)
      • 1. ‘Wind power grid connected operation in 2016’, Energy of China, 2017, (02), p. 47.
    8. 8)
      • 14. Wenzhao, J., Changyi, L., Meng, L.: ‘Analysis on low-carbon benefits and contribution rate of strong and smart grid’, Energy Technol. Econ., 2011, 23, (9), pp. 611.
    9. 9)
      • 5. Jin, Z., Xu, L., Ningbo, W.: ‘Study on control of pumped storage units for frequency regulation in power systems integrated with large-scale wind power generation’, Proc. CSEE, 2017, (02), pp. 564572.
    10. 10)
      • 13. Zhenwei, Y., Changfu, Y.: ‘Construction of the Qingyuan pump storage power station has started’, Water Power, 2010, (01), p. 10.
    11. 11)
      • 8. Bai, X., Jing, C., Xiaofeng, G., et al: ‘A method to evaluate comprehensive benefits of hybrid wind power-pumped storage system’, Power Syst. Technol., 2014, (02), pp. 400404.
    12. 12)
      • 15. Yajuan, Y.: ‘Research on the sustainable development of China's wind power enterprise based on the low-carbon economy’ (North China Electric Power University, 2013).
    13. 13)
      • 3. Suhua, L., Jichun, C.U.I.: ‘An integrated planning model of pumped-storage station considering dynamic functions’, Autom. Electr. Power Syst., 2009, 33, (1), pp. 2731.
    14. 14)
      • 12. Huiling, L., Zhiqiang, Z., Xiaojun, T., et al: ‘Research on optimal capacity of large wind power considering joint operation with pumped hydro storage’, Power Syst. Technol., 2015, (10), pp. 27462750.
    15. 15)
      • 2. National Energy Administration: ‘Wind power grid connected operation in the first three quarters of 2016’. 18 November 2016.
    16. 16)
      • 10. Yang, Y., Lin, C., Deqiang, G.: ‘Comparison between foreign and domestic experience in reserve assessment’, Autom. Electr. Power Syst., 2005, 29, (18), pp. 1923.
    17. 17)

Related content

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address