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Image steganographic scheme based on pixel-value differencing and LSB replacement methods

Image steganographic scheme based on pixel-value differencing and LSB replacement methods

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In order to improve the capacity of the hidden secret data and to provide an imperceptible stego-image quality, a novel steganographic method based on least-significant-bit (LSB) replacement and pixel-value differencing (PVD) method is presented. First, a different value from two consecutive pixels by utilising the PVD method is obtained. A small difference value can be located on a smooth area and the large one is located on an edged area. In the smooth areas, the secret data is hidden into the cover image by LSB method while using the PVD method in the edged areas. Because the range width is variable, and the area in which the secret data is concealed by LSB or PVD method are hard to guess, the security level is the same as that of a single using the PVD method of the proposed method. From the experimental results, compared with the PVD method being used alone, the proposed method can hide a much larger information and maintains a good visual quality of stego-image.

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