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Log-domain filtering: an approach to current-mode filtering

Log-domain filtering: an approach to current-mode filtering

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IEE Proceedings G (Circuits, Devices and Systems) — Recommend this title to your library

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A novel approach to filter design, based on Adams' [1] ‘log-domain’ filters, is proposed that yields a truly current-mode circuit realisation. Adams' idea, which was introduced in a limited context, is generalised to permit a complete distortionless synthesis procedure, which results in circuit implementations readily realisable using complementary bipolar processes. It is shown that, by introducing an exponential map on the state-space description of the desired linear system, a log-domain filter can be fully realised with transistors configured in current mirror-type groupings, current sources and capacitors. Owing to the mapping, the state variables are intrinsically related to current, and not voltage, in the resulting circuits, a fact that emphasises the current-mode nature of the design. A general biquadratic filter section is designed, and, following discussion of cascading sections, a seventh-order Chebychev lowpass filter is designed. All designed circuits are shown to be tunable over a two-decade range in frequency while their characteristics are accurately preserved, even for biquad sections whose f0Q product is greater than fT/10. The Chebychev filter is shown in simulation to possess nearly 60 dB dynamic range relative to 0.9% THD, with a cutoff frequency of nearly 5 MHz, using transistor models from AT&T's CBIC-R 300 MHz complementary bipolar process.

References

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