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Vector analysis and control of advanced static VAR compensators

Vector analysis and control of advanced static VAR compensators

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The advanced static VAR compensator (now widely known as the static condenser or STATCON) uses a high power self-commutating inverter to draw reactive current from a transmission line. Two fundamentally different types of invertor can be used for this purpose; one providing control of output voltage magnitude and phase angle, and the other having only phase angle control. For each of these types, the governing equations are derived, and frequency domain analysis is used to obtain the relevant transfer functions for control system synthesis. Further analysis is provided to determine the response of the STATCON to negative sequence and harmonic voltage components on the transmission line. The results are illustrated with measured wave forms obtained from a scaled analogue model of an 80 MVAR STATCON.


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