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Adaptive noise spectral estimation for spectral subtraction speech enhancement

Adaptive noise spectral estimation for spectral subtraction speech enhancement

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An adaptive scheme for noise spectral estimation is proposed to cope with the power spectral subtraction method for speech enhancement. The use of such a noise spectral estimate helps eliminate residual noise without increasing speech distortion. Improvements in the segmental signal-to-noise ratio and modified bark spectral distortion measures are evidently seen with 192 TIMIT sentences corrupted by four types of broadband noise taken from the Noisex-92 database. Moreover, incorporation of this noise adaptation scheme into the constrained parameter estimator is demonstrated. Mean opinion score listening tests confirm that the proposed subtractive scheme yields better results than that acquired by subtracting an averaged noise power spectrum.

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