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Adaptive beamforming with unknown scattering coefficients of near-field scatterers

Adaptive beamforming with unknown scattering coefficients of near-field scatterers

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Conventionally, near-field scattering effect was considered in antenna measurement, which requires a great amount of measuring efforts and re-measurement if the operational platform has changed. In this study, the authors consider the near-field scattering problem in the framework of adaptive array beamforming theory, which avoids re-measurement and can be adaptive to the arbitrary scenario. Generally, the near-field scattering can result in severe performance degradation in adaptive beamforming applications. They propose a robust adaptive beamforming approach that can maintain the performance in the presence of near-field scatterers with unknown scattering coefficients. In the authors’ approach, the near-field scatterering signal component is incorporated into the presumed steering vector. Thus, it is treated as useful information in this study instead of nuisance interference in the literature. In particular, the properties of the far-field direct-path signal and near-field signal are explored and the large uncertainty set is divided into two small ones describing the far-field and near-field steering vectors, respectively. Simulation examples are provided to show the performance improvement by making use of the near-field scattering signals.

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