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Directional splitting of Gaussian density in non-linear random variable transformation

Directional splitting of Gaussian density in non-linear random variable transformation

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Transformation of a random variable is a common need in a design of many algorithms in signal processing, automatic control, and fault detection. Typically, the design is tied to an assumption on a probability density function of the random variable, often in the form of the Gaussian distribution. The assumption may be, however, difficult to be met in algorithms involving non-linear transformation of the random variable. This paper focuses on techniques capable to ensure validity of the Gaussian assumption of the non-linearly transformed Gaussian variable by approximating the to-be-transformed random variable distribution by a Gaussian mixture (GM) distribution. The stress is laid on an analysis and selection of design parameters of the approximate GM distribution to minimise the error imposed by the non-linear transformation such as the location and number of the GM terms. A special attention is devoted to the definition of the novel GM splitting directions based on the measures of non-Gaussianity. The proposed splitting directions are analysed and illustrated in numerical simulations.

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