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Consistent BCS modulated signals for GNSS applications

Consistent BCS modulated signals for GNSS applications

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In this study, the authors propose reliable sequences of binary coded symbol (BCS) modulation, and their characteristics and performances for Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) application are described. A BCS sequence vector is formed by eight variable length sub-chips of alternated + 1 and −1 (or −1 and + 1) values. A judicious choice of the sub-chips lengths of the BCS sequence permitted to propose several BCS sequences that provide high performances in terms of multipath mitigation, resistance to the noise and interferences rejection. An overview of the essential characteristics and the resulting autocorrelation functions (ACFs) and power spectral densities of the proposed BCS sequences were introduced. The latter ACFs have a sharp main peak due to the increase in the number of transitions of the BCS sequences within a chip interval, which corresponds to a larger slope of the discrimination function, and consequently a reduced range of search in the delay locked loop with a minimum calculation load. The theoretical and simulation results indicate that the proposed BCS sequences are more consistent compared to the conventional signals adopted by the GNSS navigation systems.

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