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Inverse synthetic aperture radar image focusing using fast adaptive joint time–frequency and three-dimensional motion detection on experimental radar data

Inverse synthetic aperture radar image focusing using fast adaptive joint time–frequency and three-dimensional motion detection on experimental radar data

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This study presents two algorithms for enhancing the capabilities of the adaptive joint time–frequency (AJTF) approach and the three-dimensional (3D) motion detection method, respectively, on inverse synthetic aperture radar (ISAR) imaging. The first method is a modified AJTF motion compensation algorithm that is able to employ more than two prominent point scatterers for translation and rotation motion compensation, respectively. The second algorithm enhances a current 3D motion detection method. This algorithm improves the computation time for identifying 3D motion in ISAR images and selects the imaging time intervals with the least 3D motion. With these enhanced detection algorithms, the authors have the ability to distinguish the time intervals when the target undergoes smooth two-dimensional (2D) motion from those containing more chaotic 3D motion. As a result, the authors can reliably detect those time intervals where 2D target motions are predominant to form well-focused ISAR images that are used in automatic target recognition applications.

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