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access icon openaccess State of smart cities in UK and beyond

The smart city movement has been growing internationally, but it will take another couple of decades for smart cities to realise their game-changing potential. At that point, empowered by data, a political tipping point will begin, giving cities around the world an exalted role in the leadership of society, creating the ‘century of the city’. This study reviews progress in the UK using the four foundations of smart cities: information and communication technology; data; governance; and citizen engagement, and what to look out for in the next two decades.


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