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access icon free Cramér–Rao bounds for L-band digital aeronautical communication system type 1 based passive multiple-input multiple-output radar

In this study, of concern is the achievable estimation accuracy for a non-coherent passive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar employing orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) based signals of opportunity. The motivation behind this investigation is the surveillance aspect of the air trac management modernisation process currently taking place in civil aviation. To this end, the surveillance capability of the OFDM-based L-band digital aeronautical communication system type 1 (LDACS1) is analysed. The extension of the LDACS1 communication system towards surveillance is of great importance since it would enable an alternative, non-cooperative surveillance application, and, together with the already validated navigation extension, establish a fully integrated LDACS1-based communication, navigation, and surveillance technology. The modied Cramer-Rao bound on the joint estimation of target location and velocity for a non-coherent passive MIMO radar, employing the OFDM-based LDACS1 signals as signals of opportunity, is investigated. The analysis is carried out assuming one target, multiple and widely separated transmit and receive antennas, orthogonal waveforms, independent reection coecients, and zero-mean white Gaussian noise. Closed-form expressions for the relevant elements of the modied Fisher information matrix are obtained. The results can be used to assess the estimation accuracy of a multiple antenna passive radar system employing any OFDM-based signals of opportunity.

http://iet.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1049/iet-rsn.2015.0202
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content/journals/10.1049/iet-rsn.2015.0202
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