Review on FRT solutions for improving transient stability in DFIG-WTs

Review on FRT solutions for improving transient stability in DFIG-WTs

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Fault-ride-through (FRT) is an imperative capability in wind turbines (WTs) to ensure grid security and transient stability. However, doubly fed induction generator-based WTs (DFIG-WTs) are susceptible to disturbances in grid voltage, and therefore require supplementary protection to ensure nominal operation. The recent amendments in grid code requirements to ensure FRT capability has compelled this study of various FRT solutions. Therefore, for improving FRT capability in pre-installed WTs, re-configuration using external retrofit-based solutions is more suitable and generally adapted. The most relevant external solutions based on retrofitting available are classified as (a) protection circuit and storage-based methods and (b) flexible alternating current transmission system-based reactive power injection methods. However, for new DFIG-WT installations, internal control modification of rotor-side converter (RSC) and grid-side converter (GSC) controls are generally preferred. The solutions based on modifications in RSC and GSC control of DFIG-WT are classified as (a) traditional control techniques and (b) advanced control techniques. This study ensures to curate and compare the FRT solutions available based on external retrofitting-based solutions and internal control modifications. Also, the future trends in FRT augmentation of DFIG-WTs are discussed in this study.

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