Battery and supercapacitor for photovoltaic energy storage: a fuzzy logic management

Battery and supercapacitor for photovoltaic energy storage: a fuzzy logic management

For access to this article, please select a purchase option:

Buy article PDF
(plus tax if applicable)
Buy Knowledge Pack
10 articles for $120.00
(plus taxes if applicable)

IET members benefit from discounts to all IET publications and free access to E&T Magazine. If you are an IET member, log in to your account and the discounts will automatically be applied.

Learn more about IET membership 

Recommend Title Publication to library

You must fill out fields marked with: *

Librarian details
Your details
Why are you recommending this title?
Select reason:
IET Renewable Power Generation — Recommend this title to your library

Thank you

Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

This study presents an approach of the voltage regulation of DC bus for the photovoltaic energy storage by using a combination of batteries and supercapacitors (SCs). The batteries are used to meet the energy requirements for a relatively long duration, whereas the SCs are used to meet the instantaneous power demand. The energy management strategy is developed to manage the power flows between the storage devices by choosing the optimal operating mode, thereby to ensuring the continuous supply of the load by maintaining the state-of-charge (SoC) of SCs (SoCsc) and the SoC of the batteries (SoCbat) at acceptable levels. This energy management strategy is performed by using the fuzzy logic supervisor. The validation results prove the effectiveness of the proposed strategy.


    1. 1)
      • 1. Wang, Y., Lin, X., Kim, Y., et al: ‘Architecture and control algorithms for combating partial shading in photovoltaic systems’, IEEE Trans. Comput.-Aided Des. Integr. Circuits Syst., 2014, 6, (33), pp. 917930.
    2. 2)
      • 2. Kanchev, H., Lu, D., Colas, F., et al: ‘Energy management and operational planning of a microgrid with a PV-based active generator for smart grid applications’, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., 2011, 10, (58), pp. 45834592.
    3. 3)
      • 3. Fakham, H., Lu, D., Francois, B.: ‘Power control design of a battery charger in a hybrid active PV generator for load following applications’, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., 2011, 1, (58), pp. 8594.
    4. 4)
      • 4. Wang, Y., Lin, X., Pedram, M.: ‘Adaptive control for energy storage systems in households with photovoltaic modules’, IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, 2014, 2, (5), pp. 9921001.
    5. 5)
      • 5. Shin, D., Kim, Y., Wangb, Y., et al: ‘Constant-current regulator-based battery-supercapacitor hybrid architecture for high-rate pulsed load applications’, J. Power Sources, 2012, 205, pp. 516524.
    6. 6)
      • 6. Jiang, W., Zhang, L., Zhao, H., et al: ‘Research on power sharing strategy of hybrid energy storage system in photovoltaic power station based on multi-objective optimisation’, IET Renew. Power Gener., 2016, 5, (10), pp. 575583.
    7. 7)
      • 7. Uzunoglu, M., Alam, M.S.: ‘Dynamic modeling, design, and simulation of a combined PEM fuel cell and ultracapacitor system for stand-alone residential applications’, IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., 2006, 3, (21), pp. 767775.
    8. 8)
      • 8. Roberts, B.P., Sandberg, C.: ‘The role of energy storage in development of smart grids’, Proc. IEEE, 2011, 6, (99), pp. 11391144.
    9. 9)
      • 9. Khaligh, A., Zhihao, L.: ‘Battery, ultracapacitor, fuel cell, and hybrid energy storage systems for electric, hybrid electric, fuel cell, and plugin hybrid electric vehicles: state-of-the-art’, IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., 2010, 6, (59), pp. 28062814.
    10. 10)
      • 10. Song, Z., Li, J., Han, X., et al: ‘Multi-objective optimization of a semi-active battery/supercapacitor energy storage system for electric vehicles’, Appl. Energy, 2014, 135, pp. 212224.
    11. 11)
      • 11. Thounthong, P., Raël, S., Davat, B.: ‘Energy management of fuel cell/battery/supercapacitor hybrid power source for vehicle applications’, J. Power Sources, 2009, 193, pp. 376385.
    12. 12)
      • 12. Jia, H., Mu, Y., Qi, Y.: ‘A statistical model to determine the capacity of battery–supercapacitor hybrid energy storage system in autonomous microgrid’, Electr. Power Energy Syst., 2014, 54, pp. 516524.
    13. 13)
      • 13. Zhan, Y., Guo, Y., Zhu, J., et al: ‘Power and energy management of grid/PEMFC/battery/supercapacitor hybrid power sources for UPS applications’, Electr. Power Energy Syst., 2015, 67, pp. 598612.
    14. 14)
      • 14. Kyriakarakos, G., Dounis, A.I., Arvanitis, K.G., et al: ‘A fuzzy logic energy management system for polygeneration microgrids’, Renew. Energy, 2012, 41, pp. 315327.
    15. 15)
      • 15. Erdinc, O., Uzunoglu, M.: ‘The importance of detailed data utilization on the performance evaluation of a grid-independent hybrid renewable energy system’, Int. J. Hydrog. Energy, 2011, 36, pp. 1266412677.
    16. 16)
      • 16. Chen, Y., Wu, Y., Song, C., et al: ‘Design and implementation of energy management system with fuzzy control for DC microgrid systems’, IEEE Trans. Power Electron., 2013, 4, (28), pp. 15631570.
    17. 17)
      • 17. Zubieta, L., Bonert, R.: ‘Characterization of double-layer capacitors for power electronics applications’, IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., 2000, 1, (36), pp. 199205.
    18. 18)
      • 18. Gualous, H., Bouquain, D., Bertbon, A., et al: ‘Experimental study of supercapacitor serial resistance and capacitance variations with temperature’, J. Power Sources, 2003, 123, pp. 8693.
    19. 19)
      • 19. Belhachemi, F., Rael, S., Davat, B.: ‘A physical based model of power electric double-layer supercapacitors’. IEEE Industrial Application Conf., 2000, no. 5, pp. 30693076.
    20. 20)
      • 20. Lahyani, A., Venet, P., Guermazi, A., et al: ‘Battery/supercapacitors combination in ninterruptible power supply (UPS)’, IEEE Trans. Power Electron., 2013, 4, (28), pp. 08858993.
    21. 21)
      • 21. Achaibou, N., Haddadi, M., Malek, A.: ‘Modeling of lead acid batteries in PV systems’, Energy Procedia, 2012, 18, pp. 538544.

Related content

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address