Overcurrent estimation in a doubly-fed induction generator-DC system during a voltage dip in the dc grid

Overcurrent estimation in a doubly-fed induction generator-DC system during a voltage dip in the dc grid

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This study analyses the voltage dip behaviour of the doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG) connected to a common dc link on both the stator and rotor sides, via a diode bridge and a voltage source inverter (VSI), respectively. After a voltage dip in the dc grid, the rotor VSI can transiently lose control so that rotor currents circulate through the VSI free-wheeling diodes. However, during the uncontrolled period, both stator and rotor voltages are clamped to the same dc-link voltage and no rotor overvoltage occurs. In order to analyse the behaviour of the system during the first periods of the uncontrolled current transients, this study presents a simplified average model which is validated through simulations. Voltage dips are classified into three types depending on their severity. A simple analytical expression is derived for the maximum amplitude of the current during the voltage dip, and an overcurrent chart in the plane ‘rotor speed – dip amplitude’ is deduced. These results provide deep insight into the DFIG-DC system behaviour and are useful for design purpose.


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