Failure analysis and maintenance of a surge capacitor on the neutral bus in a ±500 kV HVDC converter station

Failure analysis and maintenance of a surge capacitor on the neutral bus in a ±500 kV HVDC converter station

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This study analyses a surge capacitor failure on the neutral bus in a ±500 kV high voltage direct current (HVDC) converter station. Both overvoltage and insulation of the surge capacitor are investigated through simulation, practical record data analysis, and experimentation. A highly accurate HVDC model is established on the basis of the topological structure and parameters of the HVDC project. Using this model, the failure process is simulated by combining neutral bus overvoltage record analysis and voltage divider performance test. Results indicate that the 246 kV uncharacteristically high overvoltage on the neutral bus is a measurement error caused by voltage divider fault. From the field test, difference equation of the voltage divider is derived to reconstruct the actual overvoltage, the amplitude of which is 73 kV. The amplitude is significantly lower than that of the switching impulse withstand level of the surge capacitor, which should not cause capacitor failure. Therefore, the primary cause of capacitor failure is insulation damage rather than overvoltage. Finally, maintenance measures are proposed and applied in the station.

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