High-power bidirectional resonant DC–DC converter with equivalent switching frequency doubler

High-power bidirectional resonant DC–DC converter with equivalent switching frequency doubler

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A high-power double frequency bidirectional symmetrical DC–DC resonant converter is proposed to reduce the sizes of the passive components and increase the cost-effectiveness. Inspired by the bipolar and unipolar modulations for the single-phase inverter, an asymmetrical duty cycle double frequency modulation is originated for high-power bidirectional resonant converters whose switching frequency and power density are significantly limited by the high-power devices. The equivalent operating frequency of the resonant tank becomes twice of the switching frequency, which effectively reduces the volumes and costs of the passive components, especially for high-power high-voltage applications. Moreover, the proposed converter has the same output characteristics for the two power flow directions, which not only symmetrises the bidirectional frequency control, but also simplifies the design of the resonant components. The converter operation principle is illustrated and the converter performances are analysed including the principle of the double frequency modulation, output characteristics and soft switching condition. Finally, a 5 kW prototype is built to verify the analysis, and the resonant components for the conventional bidirectional resonant converter are also designed and compared to illustrate the advantages of the proposed converter.

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