http://iet.metastore.ingenta.com
1887

Solution to short-term frequency response of wind farms by using energy storage systems

Solution to short-term frequency response of wind farms by using energy storage systems

For access to this article, please select a purchase option:

Buy article PDF
$19.95
(plus tax if applicable)
Buy Knowledge Pack
10 articles for $120.00
(plus taxes if applicable)

IET members benefit from discounts to all IET publications and free access to E&T Magazine. If you are an IET member, log in to your account and the discounts will automatically be applied.

Learn more about IET membership 

Recommend Title Publication to library

You must fill out fields marked with: *

Librarian details
Name:*
Email:*
Your details
Name:*
Email:*
Department:*
Why are you recommending this title?
Select reason:
 
 
 
 
 
IET Renewable Power Generation — Recommend this title to your library

Thank you

Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

The increasing high penetration of wind power is bringing a serious challenge to the frequency regulation of power system, for wind turbine generators are unable to naturally contribute to system frequency response. To address this problem, this study proposes a control strategy to compensate the lack of short-term frequency response ability of wind farms (WFs) by the energy storage system (ESS). First, the rated power and capacity of the ESS, which is installed at the point of common coupling of the WF to make it have similar short-term frequency response ability to that of synchronous generators, are determined. The theoretical minimum rated power of the ESS should be about 5% rated power of the WF, only if the active power output of the ESS is controlled as its rated power during the whole inertial response process. Then, a fuzzy logic controller is designed for the ESS so that the required rated power of the ESS could reach its theoretical minimum value as closer as possible. Simulation results of a simplified practical power system show that WFs with the proposed strategy could response to the frequency change rapidly and support short-term frequency control effectively under various disturbances.

References

    1. 1)
      • 1. Ke, D.P., Chung, C.Y., Xue, Y.S.: ‘Controller design for DFIG-based wind power generation to damp interarea oscillation’. Proc. 2010 Fifth Int. Conf. CRIS, Beijing China, September 2010, pp. 16.
    2. 2)
    3. 3)
    4. 4)
    5. 5)
    6. 6)
    7. 7)
      • 7. Sharma, S., Shun-Hsien Huang Sarma, N.D.R.: ‘System inertial frequency response estimation and impact of renewable resources in ERCOT interconnection’. Proc. IEEE PES General Meeting, San Diego, CA, 2011.
    8. 8)
    9. 9)
    10. 10)
    11. 11)
    12. 12)
    13. 13)
    14. 14)
    15. 15)
    16. 16)
    17. 17)
    18. 18)
    19. 19)
      • 19. Carnegie, R., Gotham, D., Nderitu, D.: ‘Utility scale energy storage systems benefits, applications, and technologies’. Technical Report, State Utility Forecasting Group, 2013.
    20. 20)
    21. 21)
    22. 22)
    23. 23)
    24. 24)
    25. 25)
    26. 26)
    27. 27)
      • 27. Orlik, B., Schmidt, M., Fein, F.: ‘Control of a wind power station with the strategy of a conventional power plant: Assigning synchronous machine behaviour on a full inverter based wind power station’. Proc. Int. Conf. on Electrical Power Quality and Utilisation (EPQU), Lisbon, Portuguesa, 2011.
    28. 28)
      • 28. Kundur, P.: ‘Power system stability and control’ (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1994, 1st edn.).
    29. 29)
      • 29. Ackermann, T.: ‘Wind power in power systems’ (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, West Sussex, 2005, 1st edn.).
    30. 30)
      • 30. Erinmez, I.A., Bickers, D.O., Wood, G.F., et al: ‘NGC experience with frequency control in England and Wales-provision of frequency response by generators’. Proc. IEEE Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting, New York, USA, 1999.
    31. 31)
      • 31. Driankov, D., Hellendoorn, H., Reinfrank, M.: ‘An introduction to fuzzy control’ (Springer Verlag, New York, 1993, 1st edn.).
    32. 32)
http://iet.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1049/iet-rpg.2015.0164
Loading

Related content

content/journals/10.1049/iet-rpg.2015.0164
pub_keyword,iet_inspecKeyword,pub_concept
6
6
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address