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Artificial neural network-based photovoltaic maximum power point tracking techniques: a survey

Artificial neural network-based photovoltaic maximum power point tracking techniques: a survey

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Recent researches oriented to photovoltaic (PV) systems feature booming interest in current decade. For efficiency improvement, maximum power point tracking (MPPT) of PV array output power is mandatory. Although classical MPPT techniques offer simplified structure and implementation, their performance is degraded when compared with artificial intelligence-based techniques especially during partial shading and rapidly changing environmental conditions. Artificial neural network (ANN) algorithms feature several capabilities such as: (i) off-line training, (ii) nonlinear mapping, (iii) high-speed response, (iv) robust operation, (v) less computational effort and (vi) compact solution for multiple-variable problems. Hence, ANN algorithms have been widely applied as PV MPPT techniques. Among various available ANN-based PV MPPT techniques, very limited references gather those techniques as a survey. Neither classification nor comparisons between those competitors exist. Moreover, no detailed analysis of the system performance under those techniques has been previously discussed. This study presents a detailed survey for ANN based PV MPPT techniques. The authors propose new categorisation for ANN PV MPPT techniques based on controller structure and input variables. In addition, a detailed comparison between those techniques from several points of view, such as ANN structure, experimental verification and transient/steady-state performance is presented. Recent references are taken into consideration for update purpose.

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