Your browser does not support JavaScript!

Experimental characterisation of flow effects on marine current turbine behaviour and on its wake properties

Experimental characterisation of flow effects on marine current turbine behaviour and on its wake properties

For access to this article, please select a purchase option:

Buy article PDF
(plus tax if applicable)
Buy Knowledge Pack
10 articles for $120.00
(plus taxes if applicable)

IET members benefit from discounts to all IET publications and free access to E&T Magazine. If you are an IET member, log in to your account and the discounts will automatically be applied.

Learn more about IET membership 

Recommend Title Publication to library

You must fill out fields marked with: *

Librarian details
Your details
Why are you recommending this title?
Select reason:
IET Renewable Power Generation — Recommend this title to your library

Thank you

Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

Experimental results of tests carried out to investigate the hydrodynamics of marine current turbines are presented. The objective is to build an experimental database in order to validate the numerical developments conducted to characterise the flow perturbations induced by marine current turbines. For that purpose, we used a tri-bladed horizontal axis turbine. The work is dedicated to measuring the behaviour of the system and to characterising the wake generated by the turbine. The efficiency of the device is quantified by the measurement of the thrust and the amount of power generated by the rotor for various inflow conditions, whereas the wake is characterised by Laser Doppler Velocimetry. Particular attention is paid to the flow characteristic effects on the performance of a 0.70 m diameter turbine. The load predictions on the structure and the measured performance of the turbine over its working range of currents and rotational speeds are presented. The results showed that this kind of turbine is sensitive to the quality of the incoming flow. The turbulence intensity effects on turbine behaviour and on its wake are also characterised in order to study how the far wake decays downstream and to estimate the effect produced in downstream turbines.


    1. 1)
      • Myers, L., Bahaj, B., Germain, G., Giles, J.: `Flow boundary interaction effects for marine current energy conversion devices', WREC X, July 2008, Glasgow.
    2. 2)
      • Guinot, F., Le Boulluec, M.: `Realistic marine flow conditions for current turbines studies', Second ICOE, 2008, Brest, France.
    3. 3)
      • Myers, L., Bahaj, A.S.: `Near wake properties of horizontal axis marine current turbines', Eighth EWTEC, 2009, Uppsala, Sweden.
    4. 4)
      • Maganga, F., Pinon, G., Germain, G., Rivoalen, G.: `Numerical simulation of the wake of marine current turbine with a particle method', WREC X, 2008, Glasgow.
    5. 5)
      • Crespo, A., Manuel, F., Moreno, D., Fraga, E., Hernandez, J.: `Numerical analysis of wind turbine wakes', Proc. Delphi, 1985, Greece.
    6. 6)
      • Germain, G., Bahaj, A.S., Roberts, P., Huxley-Reynard, C.: `Facilities for marine current energy converter characterization', Seventh EWETEC, September 2007, Porto.
    7. 7)
      • P.B.S. Lissamam . Energy effectiveness of arbitrary arrays of wind turbines.
    8. 8)
      • M.S. Adraramola , O.G. Akinlade , D. Sumner , D.J. Bergstrom , A.J. Schenstead . Turbulence wake of a finite circular cylinder of small aspect ratio. J. Fluids Struct. , 919 - 928
    9. 9)
      • G. Pichot , G. Germain , D. Priour . On the experimental study of the flow around a fishing net. Eur. J. Mech. B. Fluids , 103 - 116
    10. 10)
      • S. Wußow , L. Sitzki , T. Hahm . 3D-simulation of the turbulent wake behind a wind turbine. J. Phys. Conf. Ser.
    11. 11)
      • L.J. Vermeer , J.N.S. SØrensen , A. Crespo . Wind turbine wake aerodynamics. Prog. Aerosp. Sci.
    12. 12)
      • Masters, I., Orme, J.A.C., Chapman, J.: `Towards realistic marine flow conditions for tidal stream turbine', Seventh EWETEC, September 2007, Porto.
    13. 13)
      • Bai, L., Spence, R.R.G., Grégory, D.: `Investigation of the influence of array arrangement and spacing on tidal energy converter (TEC) performance using a 3-dimensional CFD model', Eighth EWTEC, 2009, Uppsala, Sweden.
    14. 14)
      • W.M.J. Batten , A.S. Bahaj , A.F. Molland , J.R. Chaplin . The prediction of the hydrodynamic performance of marine current turbines. Renew. Energy , 5 , 1085 - 1096
    15. 15)
      • Myers, L., Bahaj, B.: `Scale reproduction of the flow field for tidal energy converters', WREC X, 2008, Glasgow.
    16. 16)
      • J.N.S. SØrensen , W.Z. Shen . Numerical modelling of wind turbine wakes. J. Fluids Eng.
    17. 17)
      • A. El Kasmi , C. Masson . An extended κ−ɛ model for turbulent flow through horizontal-axis wind turbines. J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn. , 103 - 122
    18. 18)
      • I. Grant , M. Mo , X. Pan . An experimental and numerical study of the vortex filaments in the wake of an operational, horizontal-axis, wind turbine. J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn. , 177 - 189
    19. 19)
      • P. Sorensen , A. Hansen , L. Janosi , J. Bech , B. Bak-Jensen . Simulation of interaction between wind farm and power system. Riso R-1281
    20. 20)
      • Bahaj, A.S., Myers, L.E., Thomson, M.D., Jorge, N.: `Characterising the wake of horizontal axis marine current turbines', Proc. Seventh European Wave and Tidal Energy Conf., 2007, Porto, Portugal.
    21. 21)
      • McCombes, T., Johnstone, C., Grant, A.: `Unsteady 3d wake modeling for marine current turbines', Eighth EWTEC, 2009, Uppsala, Sweden.
    22. 22)
      • Myers, L., Bahaj, B.: `The effect of boundary proximity upon the wake structure of horizontal axis marine current turbines', 27thOMAE, June 2008, Estoril.
    23. 23)
      • R. Devarakonda , J.A.C. Humphrey . Turbulent flows in the near wakes of prism. Heat and Fluid Flow
    24. 24)
    25. 25)
      • G. Germain . (2008) Marine current energy converter tank testing practices.

Related content

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address