Online phase margin compensation strategy for a grid-tied inverter to improve its robustness to grid impedance variation

Online phase margin compensation strategy for a grid-tied inverter to improve its robustness to grid impedance variation

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According to studies on active damping and the stability margin, grid impedance variation does not make active damping ineffective; instead, it attenuates the stability margin. The harmonic resonance mechanism of grid-tied inverters has been revealed by researching the influence of stability margin reduction on harmonic current amplification coefficients around the cut-off and phase crossover frequencies. With the stability margin decreasing, amplification to harmonics around relevant frequencies is strengthened. The harmonic resonance around the cut-off frequency is triggered as the stability margin decreases to zero. An online phase margin (PM) compensation strategy is proposed in this study to improve system robustness to grid impedance variation. The strategy is implemented by the lead network to enhance the phase and the proportional component to regulate the cut-off frequency according to the grid impedance measured online. Hence, the system can be maintained with a sufficient PM to mitigate the harmonic resonance caused by grid impedance. Simulation and experimental results validate the theoretical analysis presented in this study. Comparisons show that the proposed strategy is superior to the zero compensation strategy in suppressing the harmonic resonance.


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