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DIAMOND: a distributed algorithm for vertex coloring problems and resource allocation

DIAMOND: a distributed algorithm for vertex coloring problems and resource allocation

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The vertex colouring problem (VCP) and its generalisations have myriad applications in computer networks. To solve the VCP with colours, numerous distributed algorithms based on LOCAL model have been proposed to reduce time complexity (the number of rounds), where is the maximum vertex degree in the graph. In this paper, the authors present a distributed algorithm based on modified LOCAL model (DIAMOND) that reduces the number of rounds to one. It greedily solves the VCP with at most colours. Computational results on Geometry (GEOM) graphs show that the number of used colours to colour each instance using DIAMOND is about . DIAMOND is easily extended to solve greedily generalised VCPs in only one round. Moreover, they present two efficient resource allocation algorithms using DIAMOND. They allocate more resource to the graph compared with -colouring and even to -colouring algorithms, where is the average vertex degree of the graph. They run in two and rounds.

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