Your browser does not support JavaScript!

Modification of rheological and filtration characteristics of water-based mud for drilling oil and gas wells using green SiO2@[email protected] nanocomposite

Modification of rheological and filtration characteristics of water-based mud for drilling oil and gas wells using green SiO2@[email protected] nanocomposite

For access to this article, please select a purchase option:

Buy article PDF
(plus tax if applicable)
Buy Knowledge Pack
10 articles for $120.00
(plus taxes if applicable)

IET members benefit from discounts to all IET publications and free access to E&T Magazine. If you are an IET member, log in to your account and the discounts will automatically be applied.

Learn more about IET membership 

Recommend Title Publication to library

You must fill out fields marked with: *

Librarian details
Your details
Why are you recommending this title?
Select reason:
IET Nanobiotechnology — Recommend this title to your library

Thank you

Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

In this study, a green, simple and economical approach was used to synthesise the SiO2@[email protected] nanocomposite (NC) to modify the rheological and filtration characteristics of the water-based drilling mud. The green synthesised NCs were identified using scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, elemental mapping, X-ray diffraction and UV–Vis analytical techniques. Additionally, the effect of SiO2@[email protected] NCs on the filtration and rheological properties of mud including apparent viscosity, plastic viscosity, yield point, gel strength, mud cake and fluid loss was investigated. The obtained results confirmed that the synthesised NCs effectively improved the rheological properties of drilling mud, and considerably decreased its fluid loss and filter cake by about 54 and 92.5%, respectively. The results highly recommend the SiO2@[email protected] NC as an excellent additive to improve the rheological properties, and reduce the fluid loss and the filter cake of the drilling mud.


    1. 1)
      • 10. Al-Zubaidi, N. S., Alwasiti, A.A., Mahmood, D., et al: ‘A comparison of nano bentonite and some nano chemical additives to improve drilling fluid using local clay and commercial bentonites’, Egypt. J. Petrol., 2017, 26, (3), pp. 811818.
    2. 2)
      • 1. Samuel, G.R., Azar, J.J., Aideyan, P., et al: ‘Applied drilling engineering optimization’, 2017.
    3. 3)
      • 16. Kim, S., Park, J., Jang, Y., et al: ‘Synthesis of monodisperse palladium nanoparticles’, Nano Lett., 2003, 3, (9), pp. 12891291.
    4. 4)
      • 5. Moon, R. J., Martini, A., Nairn, J., et al: ‘Cheminform abstract: cellulose nanomaterials review: structure, properties and nanocomposites’, ChemInform, 2011, 42, (42), pp. 39413994.
    5. 5)
      • 20. Issaabadi, Z., Nasrollahzadeh, M., Sajadi, S.M., et al: ‘Green synthesis of the copper nanoparticles supported on bentonite and investigation of its catalytic activity’, J. Cleaner Prod., 2017, 142, pp. 35843591.
    6. 6)
      • 18. Wei, Z., Xu, C., Li, B., et al: ‘Application of waste eggshell as low-cost solid catalyst for biodiesel production’, Bioresour. Technol., 2009, 100, (11), pp. 28832885.
    7. 7)
      • 17. Nemamcha, A., Rehspringer, J.-L., Khatmi, D., et al: ‘Synthesis of palladium nanoparticles by sonochemical reduction of palladium(II) nitrate in aqueous solution’, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2006, 110, (1), pp. 383387.
    8. 8)
      • 19. Xuan, S., Wang, Y.-X.J., Yu, J.C., et al: ‘Preparation, characterization, and catalytic activity of core/shell [email protected]@Au nanocomposites’, Langmuir, 2009, 25, (19), pp. 1183511843.
    9. 9)
      • 22. Ali, J. A., Kolo, K., Manshad, A.K., et al: ‘Modification of LoSal water performance in reducing interfacial tension using green ZnO/SiO2 nanocomposite coated by xanthan’, Appl. Nanosci., 2019, 9, pp. 397409. doi:10.1007/s13204-018-0923-5.
    10. 10)
      • 9. Nasser, J., Jesil, A., Mohiuddin, T., et al: ‘Experimental investigation of drilling fluid performance as nanoparticles’, World J. Nano Sci. Eng., 2013, 3, (3), pp. 5761.
    11. 11)
      • 13. Li, F., Zhang, B., Dong, S., et al: ‘A novel method of electrodepositing highly dispersed nano palladium particles on glassy carbon electrode’, Electrochim. Acta, 1997, 42, (16), pp. 25632568.
    12. 12)
      • 12. Schmid, G.: ‘Large clusters and colloids. Metals in the embryonic state’, Chem. Rev., 1992, 92, (8), pp. 17091727.
    13. 13)
      • 24. Ali, J. A., Kolo, K., Khaksar Manshad, A., et al: ‘Low-salinity polymeric nanofluid-enhanced oil recovery using green polymer-coated ZnO/SiO2 nanocomposites in the upper Qamchuqa formation in Kurdistan Region, Iraq’, Energy Fuels, 2019, 33, (2), pp. 927937. doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.8b03847.
    14. 14)
      • 8. Sadeghalvaad, M., Sabbaghi, S.: ‘The effect of the TiO2/polyacrylamide nanocomposite on water-based drilling fluid properties’, Powder Technol.., 2015, 272, pp. 113119.
    15. 15)
      • 6. Li, M.-C., Wu, Q., Song, K., et al: ‘Cellulose nanoparticles: structure–morphology–rheology relationships’, ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng., 2015, 3, (5), pp. 821832.
    16. 16)
      • 14. Ranjbar, M., Taher, M. A., Sam, A.: ‘Facile single-step synthesis of SiO2-coated ZnO nanorod as hydrophobic layer by hydrothermal method’, J. Cluster Sci., 2015, 27, (1), pp. 105114.
    17. 17)
      • 2. Song, K., Wu, Q., Li, M., et al: ‘Water-based bentonite drilling fluids modified by novel biopolymer for minimizing fluid loss and formation damage’, Colloids Surf. A, Physicochem. Eng. Aspects, 2016, 507, pp. 5866.
    18. 18)
      • 11. Barry, M.M., Jung, Y., Lee, J.-K., et al: ‘Fluid filtration and rheological properties of nanoparticle additive and intercalated clay hybrid bentonite drilling fluids’, J. Petrol. Sci. Eng., 2015, 127, pp. 338346.
    19. 19)
      • 21. Nasrollahzadeh, M., Atarod, M., Sajadi, S.M., et al: ‘Biosynthesis, characterization and catalytic activity of Cu/RGO/Fe3O4 for direct cyanation of aldehydes with K44[Fe(CN)6]’, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 2017, 486, pp. 153162.
    20. 20)
      • 7. William, J. K., Ponmani, S., Samuel, R., et al: ‘Effect of CuO and ZnO nanofluids in xanthan gum on thermal, electrical and high pressure rheology of water-based drilling fluids’, J. Petrol. Sci. Eng., 2014, 117, pp. 1527.
    21. 21)
      • 23. Sajadi, S. M., Kolo, K., Pirouei, M., et al: ‘Natural iron ore as a novel substrate for the biosynthesis of bioactive-stable [email protected]@iron ore NCs: a magnetically recyclable and reusable superior nanocatalyst for the degradation of organic dyes, reduction of Cr(vi) and adsorption of crude oil aromatic compounds, including PAHs’, RSC Adv., 2018, 8, (62), pp. 3555735570.
    22. 22)
      • 15. Ranjbar, M., Taher, M. A., Sam, A.: ‘Single-step synthesis of SiO2–TiO2 hydrophobic core–shell nanocomposite by hydrothermal method’, J. Cluster Sci., 2015, 27, (2), pp. 583592.
    23. 23)
      • 3. Abdo, J., Haneef, M. D.: ‘Clay nanoparticles modified drilling fluids for drilling of deep hydrocarbon wells’, Appl. Clay Sci., 2013, 86, pp. 7682.
    24. 24)
      • 25. Ali, J., Sajadi, S., Kolo, K., et al: ‘Green synthesis of ZnO/SiO2 nanocomposite from pomegranate seed extract: coating by natural xanthan polymer and its characterizations’, Micro Nano Lett., 2019, 14, pp. 638641. doi:10.1049/mnl.2018.5617.
    25. 25)
      • 4. Baba Hamed, S., Belhadri, M.: ‘Rheological properties of biopolymers drilling fluids’, J. Petrol. Sci. Eng., 2009, 67, (3), pp. 8490.

Related content

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address