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Modification of rheological and filtration characteristics of water-based mud for drilling oil and gas wells using green SiO2@[email protected] nanocomposite

Modification of rheological and filtration characteristics of water-based mud for drilling oil and gas wells using green SiO2@[email protected] nanocomposite

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In this study, a green, simple and economical approach was used to synthesise the SiO2@[email protected] nanocomposite (NC) to modify the rheological and filtration characteristics of the water-based drilling mud. The green synthesised NCs were identified using scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, elemental mapping, X-ray diffraction and UV–Vis analytical techniques. Additionally, the effect of SiO2@[email protected] NCs on the filtration and rheological properties of mud including apparent viscosity, plastic viscosity, yield point, gel strength, mud cake and fluid loss was investigated. The obtained results confirmed that the synthesised NCs effectively improved the rheological properties of drilling mud, and considerably decreased its fluid loss and filter cake by about 54 and 92.5%, respectively. The results highly recommend the SiO2@[email protected] NC as an excellent additive to improve the rheological properties, and reduce the fluid loss and the filter cake of the drilling mud.

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