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Biogenic synthesis and thermo-magnetic study of highly porous carbon nanotubes

Biogenic synthesis and thermo-magnetic study of highly porous carbon nanotubes

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Nanomaterials synthesis using natural sources is the technology to up come with advanced materials through extracts of plant, microorganisms, poultry waste etc. In this study, the authors report the synthesis of porous carbon nanotubes using high-temperature decomposition technique facilitated by cobalt salt using chicken fats, a poultry waste as a precursor. Since chicken fats contain fatty acids which can decompose into short hydrocarbon chains and cobalt can act as the catalyst. The formation of carbon nanotubes was confirmed by Raman spectra, peaks at 1580 and 1350.46 cm−1 confirmed the graphite mode G-band and structural imperfections defect mode D-band, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy showed the formation of tube-like structures. Nitrogen adsorption–desorption studies showed the high-surface area of 418.1 m2g−1 with an estimated pore diameter of 8.1 nm. Thermogravimetry analysis–derivative thermogravimetric analysis–differential thermal analysis showed the instant weight loss at 517°C attributed to the rapid combustion of nanotubes. A vibrating-sample magnetometer showed the paramagnetic nature of the so-formed carbon nanotubes formed.

Inspec keywords: differential thermal analysis; paramagnetic materials; nanofabrication; infrared spectra; desorption; pyrolysis; thermal analysis; decomposition; X-ray diffraction; carbon nanotubes; adsorption; scanning electron microscopy; transmission electron microscopy; nanomagnetics; Raman spectra

Other keywords: structural imperfections defect mode D-band; poultry waste; differential thermal analysis; microorganisms; C; thermogravimetry analysis; nitrogen adsorption-desorption studies; biogenic synthesis; high-temperature decomposition technique; thermo-magnetic properties; Raman spectra; fatty acids; graphite mode G-band; short hydrocarbon chains; temperature 517.0 degC; highly porous carbon nanotubes; chicken fats; transmission electron microscopy; paramagnetic nature; cobalt salt; carbon nanotubes

Subjects: Solubility, segregation, and mixing; Structure of fullerenes and fullerene-related materials; Magnetic properties of nanostructures; Low-dimensional structures: growth, structure and nonelectronic properties; Decomposition reactions (pyrolysis, dissociation, and group ejection); Optical properties of fullerenes and related materials (thin films/low-dimensional structures); Sorption and accommodation coefficients (surface chemistry); Amorphous and nanostructured magnetic materials; Structure of solid clusters, nanoparticles, nanotubes and nanostructured materials; Diamagnetism and paramagnetism in nonmetals; Infrared and Raman spectra in inorganic crystals; Preparation of fullerenes and fullerene-related materials, intercalation compounds, and diamond; Adsorption and desorption kinetics; evaporation and condensation

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