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access icon free Antibacterial and dye degradation potential of zero-valent silver nanoparticles synthesised using the leaf extract of Spondias dulcis

The present study reports a simple and low cost synthesis of zero-valent silver nanoparticles (ZVSNPs) from silver nitrate using the leaf extract of Spondias dulcis. The ZVSNPs showed a unique peak at 420 nm in UV–vis spectrum. The SEM image portrayed cuboidal shaped particles. The EDX spectrum designated the elemental silver peak at 3 keV. In XRD, a sharp peak at 32.47° denoted the existence of (1 0 1) lattice plane and the average crystallite size was calculated as 48.61 nm. The lattice parameter was determined as 0.39 nm. The FTIR spectra of the leaf extract and ZVSNPs showed shifts in the specific functional group bands which ascertained the involvement of phytoconstituents in the formation and capping of nanoparticles. The average hydrodynamic size was measured as 59.66 nm by DLS method. A low PDI, 0.187 witnessed the monodispersity. A negative zeta potential value of −15.7 mV indicated the negative surface charges of the nanoparticles. The bactericidal action of ZVSNPs was demonstrated against two pathogens S.typhimurium and E.coli during which a dosage dependent zone of inhibition results was observed. Additionally, the catalytic potential of ZVSNPs was examined for the degradation of methylene blue dye in which an accelerated degradation of the dye was observed.

http://iet.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1049/iet-nbt.2018.5058
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content/journals/10.1049/iet-nbt.2018.5058
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