Your browser does not support JavaScript!

Construction of active bio-nanocomposite by inseminated metal nanoparticles onto activated carbon: probing to antimicrobial activity

Construction of active bio-nanocomposite by inseminated metal nanoparticles onto activated carbon: probing to antimicrobial activity

For access to this article, please select a purchase option:

Buy article PDF
(plus tax if applicable)
Buy Knowledge Pack
10 articles for $120.00
(plus taxes if applicable)

IET members benefit from discounts to all IET publications and free access to E&T Magazine. If you are an IET member, log in to your account and the discounts will automatically be applied.

Learn more about IET membership 

Recommend Title Publication to library

You must fill out fields marked with: *

Librarian details
Your details
Why are you recommending this title?
Select reason:
IET Nanobiotechnology — Recommend this title to your library

Thank you

Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

The bio-nanocomposite role in wastewater treatment is a primary concern of this research. The physical, chemical, mechanical stability and antimicrobial activity of these bio-nanocomposites were investigated. The method is based on the biological reduction of aqueous copper sulphate pentahydrate, lead nitrate, silver nitrate, zinc sulphate heptahydrate salt using seed extract of Eucalyptus globulus as reducing agent at ambient temperature. The synthesised metal nanoparticles (MNPs) were analysed by UV-visible spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analyses. An ex-situ method involves constructing bio-nanocomposite by blending MNPs with tea waste activated carbon. Cross-linking in activated carbon takes place which was confirmed by changes in the mixture of components. The present yield of activated carbon was characterised by scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray measurements. A few micro or nano range, spherical shape of activated carbon was studied by SEM. The main elements found in the activated carbon by EDX are C, O, S, Ag, Cl and Cu. The efficacy of such active bio-nanocomposite (ABN) tested against human pathogen includes both type of bacteria and fungus. The inhibitory effects of ABN are discernible from the results that reveal biologically inseminated MNPs can be used to clean up the contaminated environment.


    1. 1)
      • 25. Makarova, V.V., Love, J., Sinitsyna, O.V., et al: ‘Green nanotechnologies: synthesis of metal nanoparticles using plants’, Acta Naturae, 2014, 6, (1), pp. 3544.
    2. 2)
      • 15. Dutta, M., Das, U., Mondal, S., et al: ‘Adsorption of acetaminophen by using tea waste derived activated carbon’, Int. J. Environ. Sci., 2015, 6, (2), pp. 270281.
    3. 3)
      • 24. Nurulain, B.J.: ‘The production and characterization of activated carbon using local agricultural waste through chemical activation process’, Thesis, 2007.
    4. 4)
      • 14. Sadlon, E.A., Lamson, D.W., et al: ‘Immune modifying and antimicrobial effect of Eucalyptus oil and simple inhalation device’, Altern. Med. Rev., 2010, 15, (1), pp. 3347.
    5. 5)
      • 1. Wilson, M., Kannangara, K., Smith, G., et al: ‘Nanotechnology basic science and emerging technologies’ (CRC Press Taylor and Francis Publishing Group, New York, 2002).
    6. 6)
      • 2. Sanghi, R., Verma, P.: ‘Biomimetic synthesis and characterization of protein capped silver nanoparticles’, Bioresour. Technol., 2009, 100, pp. 501504.
    7. 7)
      • 17. Mohammed Fayaz, A., Balaji, K., Kalaichelvan, P.T.., et al: ‘Fungal based synthesis of silver nanoparticles-an effect of temperature on the size of particles’, Colloids Surf. B Biointerfaces, 2009, 74, pp. 123126.
    8. 8)
      • 28. Thangavel, A., Muniappan, A., Pillai, Y.J.K., et al: ‘Phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of leaf and callus extracts of Centella asiatica’, Bangladesh J. Pharmacol., 2011, 6, pp. 5560.
    9. 9)
      • 9. Sivakumar, B., Kannan, C., Karthikeyan, S., et al: ‘Preparation and characterization of activated carbon prepared from Balsamodendron caudatum wood waste through various activation processes’, RASAYAN J. Chem., 2012, 5, (3), pp. 321327.
    10. 10)
      • 23. Sundrarajan, M., Ambikaa, S., Bharathi, K., et al: ‘Plant-extract mediated synthesis of nonanoparticles using pongamia pinnata and their activity against pathogenic bacteria’, Adv. Powder Technol., 2015, 2, (5), pp. 12941299.
    11. 11)
      • 19. Banerjee, P., Sau, S., Das, P., et al: ‘Green synthesis of silver - nanocomposite for treatment of textile dye’, Nanosci. Technol. Open Access, 2014, 1, (2), pp. 16.
    12. 12)
      • 21. Bouharb, H., Badaoui, K.E., Zair, T., et al: ‘Antibacterial evaluation and phytochemical screening of Eucalyptus gomphocephala DC against Pseudomonas aeruginosa’, Asian J. Pharm. Clin. Res., 2014, 7, (4), pp. 264267.
    13. 13)
      • 3. Kaushik, N., Thakkar, M.S., Snehit, S., et al: ‘Biological synthesis of metallic nanoparticles’, Nanomed. Nanotechnol. Biol. Med., 2010, 6, pp. 257262.
    14. 14)
      • 4. Nasrollahi, A., Pourshamsian, Kh., Mansourkiaee, P., et al: ‘Antifungal activity of silver nanoparticles on some of fungi’, Int. J. Nano Dimens., 2011, 3, pp. 233239.
    15. 15)
      • 6. El-Kheshen, A.A., Gad El-Rab, S.F.: ‘Effect of reducing and protecting agents on size of silver nanoparticles and their anti-bacterial activity’, Der Pharma Chemica., 2012, 4 (1), pp. 5365.
    16. 16)
      • 11. Bachir, G.R., Benali, M.: ‘Antibacterial activity of the essential oils from the leaves of Eucalyptus globulus against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus’, Asian Pac. J. Trop. Biomed., 2012, 2, (9), pp. 739742.
    17. 17)
      • 20. Khalid, M., Abed, M., Badoor Kurji, M., et al: ‘Extraction and modelling of oil from eucalyptus camadulensis by organic solvent’, J. Mater. Sci. Chem. Eng., 2015, 3, pp. 3542.
    18. 18)
      • 13. Silva, J., Abebe, W., Sousa, S.M., et al: ‘Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of essential oils of Eucalyptus’, J. Ethnopharmacol., 2003, 2, (3), pp. 277283.
    19. 19)
      • 10. Syed, A., Supriyasaraswati, C., Ahmad, A., et al: ‘Biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles using the fungus Humicola sp. and evaluation of their cytotoxicity using normal and cancer cell lines’, Spectrochim. Acta A Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc., 2013, 114, pp. 144147.
    20. 20)
      • 27. Noorbakhsh, F.: ‘Antifungal effects of silver nanoparticle alone and with combination of antifungal drug on Dermatophyte pathogen Trichophyton Rubrum. Int. Conf. on Bioscience Biochem. Bioinf., 2011, vol. 5, pp. 364367.
    21. 21)
      • 29. Muzamil, M., Khalid, N., Aziz, D., et al: ‘Synthesis of silver nanoparticles by silver salt reduction and its characterization’, IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., 2014, 60, p. 012034.
    22. 22)
      • 7. Nadanathangam, V., Arati, A.K., Varadarajan, P.V., et al: ‘Biomimetics of silver nanoparticles by white rot fungus, Phaenerochaete chrysosporium’, Colloids Surf. B Biointerfaces, 2006, 9, pp. 5355.
    23. 23)
      • 26. Dimitrijevića, R., Cvetkovićb, O., Miodragovićb, Z., et al, ‘SEM/EDX and XRD characterization of silver nanocrystalline thin film prepared from organometallic solution precursor’, J. Mining Metall., 2013, 49, (1), pp. 9195.
    24. 24)
      • 16. Saravanan, A., Senthil kumar, P., Karthiga devi, G., et al: ‘Synthesis and characterization of metallic nanoparticles impregnated onto activated carbon using leaf extract of mukia maderasapatna’: evaluation of antimicrobial activities’, Microb. Pathog., 2016, 97, pp. 198203.
    25. 25)
      • 22. Iravani, S.: ‘Green synthesis of metal nanoparticles’, Green Chem., 2011, 13, pp. 26382650.
    26. 26)
      • 8. Singh, C., Ritesh, K., Baboota, K., et al: ‘Biocompatible synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles using leafextract of Dalbergia sissoo’., Adv. Mater. Lett., 2012, 3, (4), pp. 279285.
    27. 27)
      • 5. Erica, G., Emily, F., Julieann, S., et al: ‘Functional membranes via nanoparticle self-assembly’, R. Soc. Chem., 2015, 51, pp. 77707780.
    28. 28)
      • 12. Bachir, R.G., Mohamed, B.: ‘Antibacterial activity of leaf essential oils of Eucalyptus globulus and Eucalyptus camaldulensis’, Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol., 2008, 2, (10), pp. 211215..
    29. 29)
      • 18. Gupta, M., Vyas, S.P.: ‘Development, characterization and in vivo assessment of effective lipidic nanoparticles for dermal delivery of fluconazole against Cutaneous candidiasis’, Chem. Phys. Lipids, 2012, 165, pp. 454461.

Related content

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address