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Synthesis and characterization of MWCNT/TiO2/Au nanocomposite for photocatalytic and antimicrobial activity.

Synthesis and characterization of MWCNT/TiO2/Au nanocomposite for photocatalytic and antimicrobial activity.

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A novel combination of titanium oxide (TiO2)/gold (Au)/multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) nanocomposite (NC) was synthesised by sol– gel method. MWCNT functionalisation by modified Hummers method. TiO2/Au nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesised by biological method using Terminalia chebula bark extract. MWCNT/TiO2/Au NC samples were characterised by X-ray diffraction, ultraviolet–visible–diffuse reflectance spectra, microRaman, scanning electron microscopy and high-resolution-transmission electron microscopy analyses. The photocatalytic performance of the obtained for NC toward the decomposition of congo-red and the antimicrobial activity for inhibition of Gram positive (Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus pneumonia and Staphylococcus aureus), Gram negative (Shigella dysenderiae, Proteus vulgaris and Klebsiella pneumonia) and fungal strains have been evaluated and the results are compared with positive control ampicillin. The metal and metal–oxide NPs have a lower sorption capacity. The herbicidal bond to the tested CNTs by the combination of electron donor–acceptor interactions and hydrogen bonds. In particular, the dispersion of NC and control of sodium borohydride, it has more efficient effect on the photodegradation and antibacterial activity of positive control of ampicillin. The NC material has exhibited maximum photodegradation and antibacterial activity results of zone of inhibition when compared with control samples.

Inspec keywords: nanobiotechnology; photodissociation; titanium compounds; sorption; nanocomposites; catalysis; nanoparticles; multi-wall carbon nanotubes; Raman spectra; microorganisms; scanning electron microscopy; hydrogen bonds; X-ray diffraction; visible spectra; gold; reflectivity; transmission electron microscopy; dyes; sol-gel processing; antibacterial activity; ultraviolet spectra; nanofabrication

Other keywords: photocatalytic activity; titanium oxide-gold-multiwalled carbon nanotubes nanocomposite; Staphylococcus aureus; Streptococcus pneumonia; Gram positive bacteria; microRaman spectra; Gram negative bacteria; Shigella dysenderiae; sol-gel method; C-TiO2-Au; high-resolution-transmission electron microscopy; antimicrobial activity; biological method; MWCNT functionalisation; electron donor-acceptor interactions; sodium borohydride; congo-red decomposition; metal-oxide nanoparticles; fungal strains; scanning electron microscopy; photodegradation; Terminalia chebula bark extract; nanoparticles; modified Hummers method; X-ray diffraction; sorption capacity; herbicidal bond; Bacillus subtilis; Proteus vulgaris; hydrogen bonds; ultraviolet-visible-diffuse reflectance spectra; Klebsiella pneumonia

Subjects: Low-dimensional structures: growth, structure and nonelectronic properties; Photolysis and photodissociation by IR, UV and visible radiation; Biomedical materials; Heterogeneous catalysis at surfaces and other surface reactions; Preparation of fullerenes and fullerene-related materials, intercalation compounds, and diamond; Deposition from liquid phases (melts and solutions); Visible and ultraviolet spectra (condensed matter); Structure of fullerenes and fullerene-related materials; Sorption and accommodation coefficients (surface chemistry); Structure of solid clusters, nanoparticles, nanotubes and nanostructured materials; Optical properties of thin films and low-dimensional structures; Infrared and Raman spectra and scattering (condensed matter)

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