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Broadband continuous mode power amplifier with on-board harmonic injection

Broadband continuous mode power amplifier with on-board harmonic injection

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This study presents the design of a broadband continuous mode power amplifier (PA) with an active harmonic injection (HI). Since the injected harmonic signal is generated on-board using a frequency doubler, this design has a single radio frequency input. The generated second harmonic is injected at the drain terminal of a gallium nitride high-electron-mobility transistor used in designing continuous class B/J PA. A design space in terms of amplitude and phase of the injected harmonic signal is analysed to obtain the loads that operate the PA in the continuous class B/J mode at the current generator reference plane. The proposed design strategy is verified by designing a prototype with a frequency doubler and a PA using 10 and 15 W gallium nitride high-electron-mobility transistors, respectively. The measured drain efficiency of 60.04–70.96% and output power of 40.17–42.6 dBm is obtained from 1 to 1.9 GHz. This corresponds to a broadband operation of 900 MHz with 62% fractional bandwidth. The designed HI–PA is also tested with a 20 MHz long-term evolution signal whose corresponding adjacent channel power ratio is better than −47.76 dBc in the overall band after applying digital predistortion.

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