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Low-profile circularly polarised patch antenna with high gain and conical beam

Low-profile circularly polarised patch antenna with high gain and conical beam

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A low-profile circularly polarised (CP) antenna with conical-beam radiation pattern is presented. The proposed antenna consists of a monopolar patch antenna fed by a probe in the centre and a ring-shaped array formed by eight modified parasitic patch elements. Two resonant modes of the monopolar patch which connects to a ground plane by a set of conductive shorting vias are utilised to achieve wide impedance bandwidth. A CP conical-beam radiation pattern is formed by loading the designed array. Loop current and slot resonant mode are employed to discuss the operating principle. A parametric study is carried out for the detailed design concept illustration. To verify the design, a prototype has been fabricated and measured, which shows a low profile of 0.059λ 0, a maximum gain of 7.45 dBic, a 10-dB impedance bandwidth of 23.1%, a 3-dB axial ratio bandwidth of 9.6% and a good conical-beam radiation pattern.

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