Calibration and validation of cellular automaton traffic flow model with empirical and experimental data

Calibration and validation of cellular automaton traffic flow model with empirical and experimental data

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For traffic flow models, calibration and validation are essential. Cellular automaton (CA) models are a special class of models, describing the movement of vehicles in discretised space and time. However, the previous work on calibration and validation does not discuss CA models systematically. This study calibrates and validates a stochastic CA model. The authors use a simple CA model, which only has two important parameters to be calibrated. The methodology for optimisation is to minimise the relative root mean square error between two properties: the averaged velocity and the variation of velocities in a platoon at a given density. Three different sites are used as cases to show the methodology, for which different types of data (video trajectories or GPS data) are available. The authors find that the best model parameters vary for the different locations. This may result from various driving strategies and potential tendencies. Thus, it is concluded that for CA models, various traffic flow phenomena need to be simulated by various parameters.

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