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Assessment of positioning accuracy of vehicle trajectories for different road applications

Assessment of positioning accuracy of vehicle trajectories for different road applications

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Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) has become a kind of positioning standard due to the high penetration rate of this technology on mass market intelligent transportation systems (ITS) applications. However, this positioning technique remains a real challenge for very demanding ITS services which require continuity and a specific accuracy of the data. This study reports on a practical and methodological approach for the evaluation of the GNSS and multi-sensors positioning and attitude of vehicles in real life conditions. Test scenarios have been set up with several positioning sensors mounted on a vehicle for the collection of raw data on different road sections. The measurement of a high quality reference trajectory with an accuracy of several centimetres allows to estimate position accuracy under different environmental conditions. The authors will show in detail the results and identify some typical situations (e.g. sub-urban environment) where the quality of positioning parameters is reduced to several metres instead of dm and may impact the level of ITS services, e.g. road user charging or safety applications. This study results from the methodology developed in the satellite positioning performance assessment for road applications COST Action on the performance assessment of positioning terminals for ITS.

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