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access icon free Design of optimal blind watermarking technique based on MOEA/D

In image watermarking, the quality of the watermarked image and the watermark's robustness are the main indicators for evaluating the performance of the watermarking scheme, but they contradict each other, making it difficult to design a rational watermarking method. In this study, the multi-objective evolutionary algorithm based on decomposition (MOEA/D) is employed to solve the multi-objective optimisation problem to ensure the balance between contradictory objectives. The watermark is embedded by selecting the regions with the lowest human visual characteristics in the host image and modifying the frequency coefficients of the discrete cosine transform. At this time, the determination of the positions of embedding coefficients and parameters related to the modifications results in the multi-objective optimisation problem on the robustness and imperceptibility, and the optimal solution is determined by finding the approximate Pareto set. Simulation results for various attacks on watermarked images demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed watermarking technique.

http://iet.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1049/iet-ipr.2019.1551
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