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High-quality X-ray computed tomography reconstruction using projected and interpolated images

High-quality X-ray computed tomography reconstruction using projected and interpolated images

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Recent advances in computation power have allowed computed tomography (CT) to utilise iterative reconstruction (IR) algorithms. The IR technique can handle noisy data and reconstructs optimal CT images from limited projected images. As of cyclic image processing, IR improves the quality of CT images. This approach requires a minimum number of projections to reconstruct an image; however, decreasing the number of projections to 90 can create artefacts and degrade reconstruction quality. To overcome this limitation, the optical flow technique can compute flow vectors between two consecutive projections to generate projected images between frames. Here, optical flow-based frame interpolation combined with the ordered subset-modified iterative technique is proposed to reduce computation time, lower the number of projections, and increase reconstruction quality of CT images. The proposed technique can be used to reconstruct a CT image from 90 projections at 4 degree intervals between projection sequences. This approach produces a much better quality reconstruction compared to that produced by an analytical algorithm, which uses 360 projections. The inclusion of an ordered subset reconstructs CT images quickly by accelerating streaming architecture.

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