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Comparison of altered mineral information extracted from ETM+, ASTER and Hyperion data in Águas Claras iron ore, Brazil

Comparison of altered mineral information extracted from ETM+, ASTER and Hyperion data in Águas Claras iron ore, Brazil

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Locations used to validate extraction results from remote sensing images are typically ground rock samples. However, remotely sensed image pixels are 30 m2 with mixing spectra. Rock samples cannot fully represent extraction results on an image. Here, alteration information associated with the Águas Claras, Brazil iron deposit was analysed using a Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper plus (ETM+), a Terra Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) and Hyperion data, all with 30 m resolution. With improvements in spectral resolution, extracted results have changed from the alteration information to altered rocks and minerals. The accuracy of alteration information has improved continuously as data extracted from these sources verify one another. Minerals extracted using Hyperion corresponded to altered assemblages identified from ASTER. Both were consistent with alteration information extracted from ETM+ at the same location. Alteration information extracted from three remote images were located within ore formations, and controlled by the north-east trending faults and matched well with known deposits. Information extraction based on the integrated application of multi-source remote sensing data could compensate for deficiencies in using single data. These results can verify one another to improve data reliability particularly in the areas inaccessible and lacking sufficient field confirmation.

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