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Searching all truncated impossible differentials in SPN

Searching all truncated impossible differentials in SPN

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This study concentrates on finding all truncated impossible differentials in substitution–permutation networks (SPNs) ciphers. Instead of using the miss-in-the-middle approach, the authors propose a mathematical description of the truncated impossible differentials. First, they prove that all truncated impossible differentials in an r + 1 rounds SPN cipher could be obtained by searching entry ‘0’ in D ( P ) r , where D ( P ) denotes the differential pattern matrix (DPM) of P-layer, thus the length of impossible differentials of an SPN cipher is upper bounded by the minimum integer r such that there is no entry ‘0’ in D ( P ) r . Second, they provide two efficient algorithms to compute the DPMs for both bit-shuffles and matrices over GF(2 n ). Using these tools they prove that the longest truncated impossible differentials in SPN structure is 2-round, if the P-layer is designed as an maximum distance separable (MDS) matrix. Finally, all truncated impossible differentials of advanced encryption standard (AES), ARIA, AES-MDS, PRESENT, MAYA and Puffin are obtained.

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