## Extended fast decoupled power flow for reconfiguration networks in distribution systems

This study proposes a power flow methodology focused on the need for reconfiguration analysis in modern distribution networks. The proposal is based on the extended fast decoupled Newton–Raphson method, which uses the information of the network switching equipment status (open or closed). To deal with eventual islanding during a reconfiguration procedure, a numerical observability technique used in state estimation analysis has been adapted for topological processing when network segments are disconnected from voltage references. A complex per unit normalisation technique is employed so that the power flow calculation by the fast decoupled approach is viable, even for networks having high R/X ratio lines. Simulation results considering two distribution feeders, one of large size, with different topological conditions are presented. The performance of the proposed methodology qualifies it as a relevant computational tool to support network reconfiguration studies involving emergent distribution systems.