Improved power flow control strategy of the hybrid AC/DC microgrid based on VSM

Improved power flow control strategy of the hybrid AC/DC microgrid based on VSM

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The hybrid AC/DC microgrid with different types of distributed generations (DGs) and load demands is considered to be the preferred microgrid mode in the future. For hybrid AC/DC microgrid, autonomous and bidirectional power flow between AC and DC subgrids with superior dynamic performance is the fundamental objective to realise proportional power sharing and robust operation. In this study, an improved active power control strategy of the bidirectional AC/DC main converter (BMC) based on virtual synchronisation machine (VSM) for inertia improvement of the AC bus frequency and DC bus voltage of the hybrid microgrid is proposed. The VSM control is derived through the virtual inertia equation and the virtual capacitance equation, which can manage the AC frequency and DC voltage simultaneously. Then, the small signal and large signal characteristics analysis of the BMC are conducted to analyse the VSM control feature with different control parameters. On the basis of the small signal analysis, a proportional power sharing principle to select the control parameters is given to make DGs share the power commensurate with their power ratings. Finally, simulation cases are carried out to show the validity and efficiency of the proposed control strategy.

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