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access icon free Comparative study on the performance of many-objective and single-objective optimisation algorithms in tuning load frequency controllers of multi-area power systems

Load frequency control is among the most important control tasks in power systems operation. Many researchers have focused on tuning the load frequency controllers using single-objective evolutionary algorithms. To avoid the drawbacks of single-objective optimisation algorithms, in this paper, tuning the load frequency controllers is modelled as a many-objective (MO) minimization problem. This MO optimisation problem is solved using an MO optimisation algorithm with clustering-based selection. Considering the maximum value of each objective among the non-dominated solutions found by the MO optimisation algorithm, the worst solution is determined. To select one of the obtained non-dominated solutions as the controllers’ parameters, a strategy based on the maximum distance from the worst solution is proposed. In order to measure the effectiveness of the proposed MO technique against several recently proposed single-objective optimisation algorithms, for tuning load frequency controllers, comparative simulation studies are carried out on two different test systems. Simulation results show that, in terms of different performance indices, the controllers designed by the proposed MO method are far superior to the controllers designed with the single-objective optimisation algorithms. Also, the presented results confirm the robustness of the controllers designed by the proposed method in case of power system parameters variations.


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