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Flux-based method to diagnose and identify the location of turn-to-turn faults in transformers

Flux-based method to diagnose and identify the location of turn-to-turn faults in transformers

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Internal turn-to-turn faults (TTF) are considered as a common cause of transformer failures. Such defects (especially minor TTFs) may result in minor changes in terminal currents/voltages as these are undetectable by conventional current and/or voltage-based methods. In this study, a simple, sensitive and robust method is proposed to identify the TTF locations in power transformers by using core flux based technique. In this approach, a few turns must be wrapped around the transformer core legs to sense and detect the related core flux. Passing asymmetrical flux through a transformer core leg (due to a TTF) induces different voltages in the related sensors, which are located at different places. Variation of the core flux in the corresponding sensors indicates the faulty phase and the TTF location on that phase as well. The proposed technique is verified by some simulations and experimental tests. The obtained results show that the proposed technique successfully (i) detects all the TTFs, (ii) identifies the faulty phase, and (iii) specifies the faulty region on the related phase. Although the proposed method requires a few search coils to be installed on the transformer core legs, installing these thin wires will not change the transformer design significantly.

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