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Lightning surge analysis of Faraday cage using alternative transient program-electromagnetic transients program

Lightning surge analysis of Faraday cage using alternative transient program-electromagnetic transients program

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Lightning surge analysis of protective structures is significant for the design of system. However, simulation models are limited. In this study, a Faraday cage with four air terminals and 2 × 6 grounding rods built to protect a switchyard control building in a 380 kV substation is simulated in alternative transient program for the analysis of lightning surges. Distributed line modelling is used for cage conductors. Down conductors are represented by considering non-uniform variation of the conductor parameters. Current waveforms through the system and voltages at some critical points after a lightning stroke are computed. The traditional lightning parameters needed in structural protection such as lightning peak current, maximum current derivative, current rise time and current duration are determined. The effects of mesh size and some system parameters such as grounding resistance and lightning surge impedance are investigated.

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