Effect of wind turbine converter control on wind power plant harmonic response and resonances

Effect of wind turbine converter control on wind power plant harmonic response and resonances

For access to this article, please select a purchase option:

Buy article PDF
(plus tax if applicable)
Buy Knowledge Pack
10 articles for $120.00
(plus taxes if applicable)

IET members benefit from discounts to all IET publications and free access to E&T Magazine. If you are an IET member, log in to your account and the discounts will automatically be applied.

Learn more about IET membership 

Recommend Title Publication to library

You must fill out fields marked with: *

Librarian details
Your details
Why are you recommending this title?
Select reason:
IET Electric Power Applications — Recommend this title to your library

Thank you

Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

Wind turbine harmonic emissions due to power electronics are a well-known power quality concern in wind power plants (WPPs). This problem may be increased by resonances because they amplify harmonic distortion around resonance frequencies. Hence, the resonance phenomenon is widely analysed in the literature. Resonance studies usually consider wind turbines (WTs) as ideal current sources, which can lead to inaccurate results. The study explores the effect of WT converter control on WPP harmonic response. It contributes expressions of WT equivalent harmonic impedance including current control of the grid side converter. This impedance allows WT converter control to be considered in WPP modelling to analyse its effect on harmonic response and resonances. PSCAD and Matlab/Simulink simulations were performed to validate the analytical expressions and illustrate the usefulness of the work in predicting harmonic distortions at WT terminals in actual WPPs.


    1. 1)
      • 1. Kocewiak, L.H.: ‘Harmonics in large offshore wind farms’. Thesis for the PhD Degree in Electrical Engineering, Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark, 2012,
    2. 2)
    3. 3)
    4. 4)
    5. 5)
      • 5. IEEE Standard for interconnecting distributed resources with electric power systems. IEEE Standard 15471, 2005,
    6. 6)
      • 6. IEEE PES Wind Plant Collector System Design Working Group.: ‘Harmonics and resonance issues in wind power plants’. Proc. IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, July 2011, pp. 18.
    7. 7)
      • 7. Yang, K.: ‘On harmonic emissions, propagation and aggregation a wind power plants’. Doctoral thesis, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Lulea University of Technology, Sweden,
    8. 8)
      • 8. Axelsson, U., Holm, U., Bollen, M., et al: ‘Propagation of harmonic emission from the turbines through the collection grid to the public grid’. Proc. 22nd Int. Conf. Exhibition on Electricity Distribution (CIRED 2013), 2013, pp. 14.
    9. 9)
      • 9. Buchhagen, C., Rauscher, C., Menze, A., et al: ‘BorWin1 – first experiences with harmonic interactions in converter dominated grids’. Int. ETG Congress, November 2015, pp. 17.
    10. 10)
      • 10. Zheng, R., Bollen, M., Zhong, J.: ‘Harmonic resonances due to a grid-connected wind farm’. Proc. 14th Int. Conf. Harmonics and Quality of Power (ICHQP 2010), September 2010, pp. 17.
    11. 11)
      • 11. Li, J., Samaan, N., Williams, S.: ‘Modeling of large wind farm systems for dynamic and harmonics analysis’. Proc. IEEE/PES Transmission and Distribution Conf. and Exposition, April 2008.
    12. 12)
    13. 13)
    14. 14)
    15. 15)
      • 15. Chen, X., Sun, J.: ‘A study of renewable energy systems harmonic resonance based on a DG test-bed’. Proc. 26th IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conf. and Exposition (APEC 2011), March 2011, pp. 9951002.
    16. 16)
    17. 17)
      • 17. Cespedes, M., Sun, J.: ‘Modeling and mitigation of harmonic resonance between wind turbines and the grid’. Proc. IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, September 2011, pp. 21092116.
    18. 18)
    19. 19)
      • 19. Freijedo, F.D., Chaudhary, S.K., Teodorescu, R., et al: ‘Harmonic resonances in wind power plants: modeling, analysis and active mitigation methods’. 2015 IEEE Eindhoven PowerTech, June 2015, pp. 16.
    20. 20)
      • 20. Bakhshizadeh, M.K., Hjerrild, J., Kocewiak, L., et al: ‘Harmonic modelling, propagation and mitigation for large wind power plants connected via long HVAC cables: review and outlook of current research’. IEEE Int. Energy Conf. (ENERGYCON 2016), April 2016, pp. 15.
    21. 21)
    22. 22)
      • 22. Bayo-Salas, A., Beertenyz, J., Rimez, J., et al: ‘Impedance-based stability assessment of parallel VSC HVDC grid connections’. 11th IET Int. Conf. on AC and DC power transmission, February 2015, pp. 19.
    23. 23)
      • 23. Cespedes, M., Sun, J.: ‘Three-phase impedance measurement for system stability analysis’. IEEE 14th Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics (COMPEL), June 2013, pp. 16.

Related content

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address