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RF mirror media-based space-time block coded spatial modulation techniques for two time-slots

RF mirror media-based space-time block coded spatial modulation techniques for two time-slots

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Space-time block coded spatial modulation (STBC-SM) with cyclic structure (STBC-CSM) employs cyclical rotation of activated transmit antenna pairs to transmit Alamouti codewords taken from two different constellation sets to improve the spectral efficiency of STBC-SM. Furthermore, existing literature has shown that media-based modulation (MBM), which employs radio frequency (RF) mirrors demonstrate significant improvement in error performance of wireless systems. Hence, this study proposes the application of MBM to STBC-CSM and STBC-SM in the form of media-based STBC-CSM (MBSTBC-CSM) and MBSTBC-SM, respectively. The theoretical framework of the union-bound on average bit-error probability of M-QAM MBSTBC-CSM and MBSTBC-SM, for the maximum-likelihood (ML) detector is formulated and agrees well with Monte Carlo simulations. Furthermore, due to the large computational complexity of the ML detector, the authors propose a low-complexity near-ML detector for MBSTBC-CSM and MBSTBC-SM, which achieves a near-ML bit error rate performance with reduction in computational complexity.

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