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Adaptive handover algorithm in heterogeneous femtocellular networks based on received signal strength and signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio prediction

Adaptive handover algorithm in heterogeneous femtocellular networks based on received signal strength and signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio prediction

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In this study, an efficient handover algorithm based on the received signal strength (RSS) prediction is presented for two-tier macro–femtocell networks in which, because of the fading effects of channel and short coverage range of femtocells, ping-pong handovers may take place. In the proposed approach, first each mobile station (MS) uses the recursive least square algorithm for predicting the RSS from the candidate base stations (BSs) including both femtocell and macrocell BSs. Then, according to the predicted RSS values, several future values of signal-to-interference plus noise ratio (SINR) are calculated. Afterwards, the candidate list of BSs is pruned according to the estimated future SINR values and the predicted RSS of each BS. Finally, the target BS which yields the highest throughput, is opted for handover. Through extensive simulations, the effects of speed of MSs and the density of femtocell BSs on the outage probability (OP), throughput and the ping-pong rate of MSs are studied. The results show that the proposed handover algorithm outperforms the previous ones and improves the throughput of MS while it reduces the OP and the number of ping-pong handovers.

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