Additive statistical modelling of land mobile satellite channels in three-dimensional scattering environment

Additive statistical modelling of land mobile satellite channels in three-dimensional scattering environment

For access to this article, please select a purchase option:

Buy article PDF
(plus tax if applicable)
Buy Knowledge Pack
10 articles for $120.00
(plus taxes if applicable)

IET members benefit from discounts to all IET publications and free access to E&T Magazine. If you are an IET member, log in to your account and the discounts will automatically be applied.

Learn more about IET membership 

Recommend Title Publication to library

You must fill out fields marked with: *

Librarian details
Your details
Why are you recommending this title?
Select reason:
IET Communications — Recommend this title to your library

Thank you

Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

A new channel model with additive complex envelope process for land mobile satellite channel is proposed. The two fading processes, small-scale fading and shadow fading, are represented with Nakagami-q and lognormal distribution, respectively. Exact analytical expressions of first- and second-order statistics are derived for the proposed model. For the purpose of normalisation of second-order statistics with respect to maximum Doppler frequency, a three-dimensional scattering model is taken. A special case of the authors’ proposed channel model gives rise to a new distribution, ‘extended Nakagami-q distribution’, and the same is reported with its statistics. The dependence of second-order statistics on different parameters is analysed with the computed results obtained from derived expressions. The results computed from the analytical expressions are also in good resemblance with the corresponding measurement results in a suburban propagation environment.


    1. 1)
    2. 2)
    3. 3)
    4. 4)
    5. 5)
    6. 6)
    7. 7)
    8. 8)
      • Hazra, S., Mitra, A.: `Level crossing rate in land mobile satellite channel with a modified Nakagami-lognormal distribution’, in Abraham, A., Mauri, J.L., Buford, J.F. ', Communications in Computer and Information Science, 2011, Berlin, Heidelberg, 192, Springer, p. 601–608.
    9. 9)
    10. 10)
    11. 11)
    12. 12)
      • D.C. Cox , R.R. Murray , A.W. Norris . 800 MHz attenuation measured in and around suburban houses. Bell Syst. Tech. J. , 6 , 921 - 954
    13. 13)
    14. 14)
      • Hazra, S., Mitra, A.: `A new land mobile satellite channel model with Nakagami-', Proc. National Conf. on Communication, 3–5 February 2012, Kharagpur, India.
    15. 15)
    16. 16)
    17. 17)
      • Huck, R.W., Butterworth, J.S., Matt, E.E.: `Propagation measurements for land mobile satellite services', Proc. IEEE 33rd Annual Vehicular Technology Conf., May 1983, p. 265–268.
    18. 18)
    19. 19)
    20. 20)
      • M. Nakagami . (1960) The m-distribution – a general formula of intensity distribution of rapid fading, Statistical methods in radio wave propagation.
    21. 21)
      • R.S. Hoyt . Probability functions for the modulus and angle of the normal complexvariate. Bell Syst. Tech. J. , 318 - 359
    22. 22)
      • P. Beckmann . (1967) Probability in communication engineering.
    23. 23)
      • A. Leon-Garcia . (1989) Probability and random processes for electrical engineering.
    24. 24)
    25. 25)
    26. 26)

Related content

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address