Power-aware data dissemination protocol for grid-based wireless sensor networks with mobile sinks

Power-aware data dissemination protocol for grid-based wireless sensor networks with mobile sinks

For access to this article, please select a purchase option:

Buy article PDF
(plus tax if applicable)
Buy Knowledge Pack
10 articles for $120.00
(plus taxes if applicable)

IET members benefit from discounts to all IET publications and free access to E&T Magazine. If you are an IET member, log in to your account and the discounts will automatically be applied.

Learn more about IET membership 

Recommend Title Publication to library

You must fill out fields marked with: *

Librarian details
Your details
Why are you recommending this title?
Select reason:
IET Communications — Recommend this title to your library

Thank you

Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

In wireless sensor networks (WSNs), sink mobility has been drawing more and more attention in recent years. Some approaches suggest that mobile sinks repeatedly propagate packets to notify the potential sources of their latest location information. As a result, frequent location updates from multiple sinks introduce both increased transmission traffic and rapid power expenditure. In order to reduce power consumption and minimise the overhead of frequently propagating packets, the authors propose a power-aware data dissemination (PADD) protocol for grid-based WSNs with mobile sinks. Rather than propagate the query messages from each sink to all sensor nodes to establish data forwarding information, a source constructs a grid structure beforehand so that only the dissemination nodes located at grid points need to acquire forwarding information. A properly grid cell size is determined to ensure that a dissemination node can directly communicate each other with its eight neighbouring dissemination nodes. As a result, a message can traverse not only vertically or horizontally but diagonally as well. Besides, dissemination nodes with the most residual energy are selected for forwarding query and disseminating data to evenly distribute energy load in the sensor field. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of PADD in reducing the energy consumption and prolonging the network lifetime.


    1. 1)
    2. 2)
    3. 3)
      • Jiang, Q., Manivannan, D.: `Routing protocols for sensor networks', Proc. IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conf., January 2004, p. 93–98.
    4. 4)
      • Heinzelman, W.R., Chandrakasan, A., Balakrishnan, H.: `Energy-efficient communication protocol for wireless micro sensor networks', Proc. IEEE Annual Hawaii Int. Conf. on Systems Sciences, January 2000, p. 3005–3014.
    5. 5)
    6. 6)
    7. 7)
      • Coffin, D.A., Van Hook, D.J., McGarry, S.M., Kolek, S.R.: `Declarative ad hoc sensor networking', Proc. SPIE Integrated Command Environments Conf., July 2000, p. 109–120.
    8. 8)
    9. 9)
      • Ye, F., Zhong, G., Lu, S., Zhang, L.: `A robust data delivery protocol for large scale sensor networks', Proc. Second Int. Workshop on Information Processing in Sensor Networks, April 2003, p. 658–673.
    10. 10)
      • Xu, Y., Heidemannn, J., Estrin, D.: `Geography informed energy conservation for ad hoc routing', Proc. Seventh Annual ACM/IEEE Int. Conf. on Mobile Computing and Networking, July 2001, p. 70–84.
    11. 11)
      • Choe, J., Kim, K.: `EADD: energy aware directed diffusion for wireless sensor networks', Proc. Int. Symp. on Parallel and Distributed Processing with Applications, December 2008, p. 779–783.
    12. 12)
      • Wan, J., Wu, J., Xu, X., Yan, Y.: `An efficient gradient mechanism of directed diffusion in wireless sensor network', Proc. Int. Conf. on Computational Intelligence and Security, December 2008, 1, p. 427–431.
    13. 13)
      • Yu, J., Zhang, H.: `Directed diffusion based on clustering and inquiry for wireless sensor networks', Proc. 2010 IEEE Int. Conf. on Computer Science and Information Technology, July 2010, p. 291–294.
    14. 14)
    15. 15)
    16. 16)
      • J. Vidhya , P. Dananjayan . Lifetime maximisation of multihop WSN using cluster-based cooperative MIMO scheme. Int. J. Comput. Theory Eng. , 1 , 20 - 25
    17. 17)
      • Cheng, W., Xu, K., Liu, W., Yang, Z., Feng, Z.: `An energy-efficient cooperative MIMO transmission scheme for wireless sensor networks', Proc. Int. Conf. on Wireless Communication, Networking and Mobile Computing, September 2006, p. 1–4.
    18. 18)
    19. 19)
      • Luo, H., Ye, F., Cheng, J., Lu, S., Zhang, L.: `Sensor networks: a two-tier data dissemination model for large-scale wireless sensor networks', Proc. Eighth Annual ACM/IEEE Int. Conf. on Mobile Computing and Networking, September 2002, p. 148–159.
    20. 20)
      • Xuan, H.L., Lee, S.: `A coordination-based data dissemination protocol for wireless sensor networks', Proc. Sensor Networks and Information Processing Conf., December 2004, p. 13–18.
    21. 21)
      • Zhou, Z., Xiang, X., Wang, X.: `An energy-efficient data-dissemination protocol in wireless sensor networks', Proc. 2006 Int. Symp. World of Wireless, Mobile and Multimedia Networks, June 2006, p. 13–22.
    22. 22)
      • Albowitz, J., Chen, A., Zhang, L.: `Recursive position estimation in sensor networks', Proc. Int. Conf. on Network Protocol, November 2001, p. 35–41.
    23. 23)
      • E. Kapplan . (1996) Understanding GPS: principles and applications.

Related content

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address