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Equalisation of non-linear time-varying channels using a pipelined decision feedback recurrent neural network filter in wireless communication systems

Equalisation of non-linear time-varying channels using a pipelined decision feedback recurrent neural network filter in wireless communication systems

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To combat the linear and non-linear distortions for time-invariant and time-variant channels, a novel adaptive joint process equaliser based on a pipelined decision feedback recurrent neural network (JPDFRNN) is proposed in this paper. The JPDFRNN consists of a number of simple small-scale decision feedback recurrent neural network (DFRNN) modules and a linear combiner. The cascaded DFRNN provides pre-processing for the linear combiner. Moreover, each DFRNN can provide a local interpolation for M sample points; the final linear combiner presents a global interpolation with good localisation properties. Furthermore, since those modules of non-linear subsection can be performed simultaneously in a pipelined parallelism fashion, this would result in a significant improvement in the total computational efficiency. Simulation results show that the performance of the JPDFRNN using the modified real-time recurrent learning (RTRL) algorithm is superior to that of the DFRNN and RNN for the non-linear time-invariant and time-variant channels.

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