Satellite constellation networks for aeronautical communication: traffic modelling and link load analysis

Satellite constellation networks for aeronautical communication: traffic modelling and link load analysis

For access to this article, please select a purchase option:

Buy article PDF
(plus tax if applicable)
Buy Knowledge Pack
10 articles for $120.00
(plus taxes if applicable)

IET members benefit from discounts to all IET publications and free access to E&T Magazine. If you are an IET member, log in to your account and the discounts will automatically be applied.

Learn more about IET membership 

Recommend Title Publication to library

You must fill out fields marked with: *

Librarian details
Your details
Why are you recommending this title?
Select reason:
IET Communications — Recommend this title to your library

Thank you

Your recommendation has been sent to your librarian.

The authors examine two different non-geostationary satellite constellation networks with inter-satellite links for global air traffic control and air passenger communication. After developing a traffic model for aeronautical communication services, the authors derive bandwidth requirements for such a global system. The influence of different routing policies is discussed and they show that link loads are comparable for both medium earth orbit and low earth orbit constellations. All considerations are based on real global flight data of all commercial flights during 1 day.


    1. 1)
      • EUROCONTROL: ‘Long-term forecast flight movements 2006–2025’. Edition Number: v1.0, 2006, Available at:
    2. 2)
      • EUROCONTROL/FAA: ‘Action plan 17 future communications study – final conclusions and recommendations report’. November 2007, Version 1.0.. Available at:
    3. 3)
      • Project CT-2005-516128 ANASTASIA: ‘Airbone new and advanced satellite techniques and technologies in a system integrated approach’. Available at:
    4. 4)
      • Project AERO-2005-37160 NEWSKY: ‘NEtWorking the SKY for aeronautical communications’. Available at:
    5. 5)
      • Werner, M., Holzbock, M., Battaglia, L.: `Potential of non-GEO satellite constellations in the future AirCom market', Proc. 20th AIAA Int. Communications Satellite Systems Conf. (ICSSC'02), May 2002, Montreal, Canada, Paper no. AIAA-2002-2037.
    6. 6)
      • Walker, J.G.: `Continuous whole-earth coverage by circular-orbit satellite patterns', 77044 (UDC 629.195:527), Technical, March 1977.
    7. 7)
      • S.R. Pratt , R.A. Raines , C.E. Fossa , M.A. Temple . An operational and performance overview of the Iridium low earth orbit satellite system. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutorials , 3 , 2 - 10
    8. 8)
      • Motorola Satellite Systems, Inc.: ‘Application for authority to construct, launch and operate the M-Star system’. FCC filing, Washington, DC, USA, September 1996.
    9. 9)
      • Werner, M.: `Global air traffic management via satellite – a case for Galileo 2?', Proc. Third Advanced Satellite Mobile Systems Conf. (ASMS), May 2006, Herrsching am Ammersee, Germany.
    10. 10)
      • EUROCONTROL/FAA: ‘Communications operating concept and requirements for the future radio system’. Version 2.0. Available at:
    11. 11)
      • L. Franck , G. Maral . Routing in networks of intersatellite links. IEEE Trans. Aerosp. Electron. Syst. , 3 , 902 - 917
    12. 12)
      • M. Mohorčič , M. Werner , A. Švigelj , G. Kandus . Alternate link routing for traffic engineering in packet oriented ISL networks. Int. J. Satell. Commun. , 5 , 463 - 480
    13. 13)
      • Werner, M., Lutz, E.: `Bandwidth requirements for multiservice satellite systems', IEEE Int. Conf. on Communications (ICC), June 1998, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, p. 94–99.
    14. 14)
      • Werner, M., Sanctis, M.D., Trachtman, E., Febvre, P., Franzrahe, O.: `Deliverable D6: satellite market opportunity report', Technical, September 2003, Project IST-2001-37466 WirelessCabin.
    15. 15)
      • Rogoyski, A.M., Kalama, M.: `Deliverable D5: market survey and recommendations', Technical, August 2003, Project IST-2001-37466 WirelessCabin.
    16. 16)
      • Mohorčič, M., Švigelj, A., Kandus, G.: `Developing aggregate traffic intensity model for performance evaluation of global satellite systems', Proc. 59th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conf. (VTC), May 2004, Milan, Italy.
    17. 17)
      • Innovata: Available at:
    18. 18)
      • The world factbook. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 2008. Available at:
    19. 19)
      • Mail server statistics. MailRadar. Available:

Related content

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address